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Mathematics  2015 

PhaseLift is robust to a constant fraction of arbitrary errors

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Abstract:

Consider the task of recovering an unknown $n$-vector from phaseless linear measurements. This task is the phase retrieval problem. Through the technique of lifting, this nonconvex problem may be convexified into a semidefinite rank-one matrix recovery problem, known as PhaseLift. Under a linear number of exact Gaussian measurements, PhaseLift recovers the unknown vector exactly with high probability. Under noisy measurements, the solution to a variant of PhaseLift has error proportional to the $\ell_1$ norm of the noise. In the present paper, we study the robustness of this variant of PhaseLift to a case with noise and gross, arbitrary corruptions. We prove that PhaseLift can tolerate a small, fixed fraction of gross errors, even in the highly underdetermined regime where there are only $O(n)$ measurements. The lifted phase retrieval problem can be viewed as a rank-one robust Principal Component Analysis (PCA) problem under generic rank-one measurements. From this perspective, the proposed convex program is simpler that the semidefinite version of the sparse-plus-low-rank formulation standard in the robust PCA literature. Specifically, the rank penalization through a trace term is unnecessary, and the resulting optimization program has no parameters that need to be chosen. The present work also achieves the information theoretically optimal scaling of $O(n)$ measurements without the additional logarithmic factors that appear in existing general robust PCA results.

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