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Mathematics  2005 

A characterization of The operator-valued triangle equality

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Abstract:

We will show that for any two bounded linear operators $X,Y$ on a Hilbert space ${\frak H}$, if they satisfy the triangle equality $|X+Y|=|X|+|Y|$, there exists a partial isometry $U$ on ${\frak H}$ such that $X=U|X|$ and $Y=U|Y|$. This is a generalization of Thompson's theorem to the matrix case proved by using a trace.

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