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Mathematics  2003 

On the Andrews-Curtis equivalence

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Abstract:

The Andrews-Curtis conjecture claims that every balanced presentation of the trivial group can be reduced to the standard one by a sequence of ``elementary transformations" which are Nielsen transformations augmented by arbitrary conjugations. It is a prevalent opinion that this conjecture is false; however, not many potential counterexamples are known. In this paper, we show that some of the previously proposed examples are actually not counterexamples. We hope that the tricks we used in constructing relevant chains of elementary transformations will be useful to those who attempt to establish the Andrews-Curtis equivalence in other situations. On the other hand, we give two rather general and simple methods for constructing balanced presentations of the trivial group; some of these presentations can be considered potential counterexamples to the Andrews-Curtis conjecture. One of the methods is based on a simple combinatorial idea of composition of group presentations, whereas the other one uses "exotic" knot diagrams of the unknot. We also consider the Andrews-Curtis equivalence in metabelian groups and reveal some interesting connections of relevant problems to well-known problems in K-theory.

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