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Mathematics  2002 

Topological diagonalizations and Hausdorff dimension

DOI: 10.1285/i15900932v22n2p83

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Abstract:

The Hausdorff dimension of a product XxY can be strictly greater than that of Y, even when the Hausdorff dimension of X is zero. But when X is countable, the Hausdorff dimensions of Y and XxY are the same. Diagonalizations of covers define a natural hierarchy of properties which are weaker than ``being countable'' and stronger than ``having Hausdorff dimension zero''. Fremlin asked whether it is enough for X to have the strongest property in this hierarchy (namely, being a gamma-set) in order to assure that the Hausdorff dimensions of Y and XxY are the same. We give a negative answer: Assuming CH, there exists a gamma-set of reals X and a set of reals Y with Hausdorff dimension zero, such that the Hausdorff dimension of X+Y (a Lipschitz image of XxY) is maximal, that is, 1. However, we show that for the notion of a_strong_ gamma-set the answer is positive. Some related problems remain open.

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