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Mathematics  1999 

Torus actions, equivariant moment-angle complexes, and coordinate subspace arrangements

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Abstract:

We show that the cohomology algebra of the complement of a coordinate subspace arrangement in m-dimensional complex space is isomorphic to the cohomology algebra of Stanley-Reisner face ring of a certain simplicial complex on m vertices. (The face ring is regarded as a module over the polynomial ring on m generators.) Then we calculate the latter cohomology algebra by means of the standard Koszul resolution of polynomial ring. To prove these facts we construct an equivariant with respect to the torus action homotopy equivalence between the complement of a coordinate subspace arrangement and the moment-angle complex defined by the simplicial complex. The moment-angle complex is a certain subset of a unit poly-disk in m-dimensional complex space invariant with respect to the action of an m-dimensional torus. This complex is a smooth manifold provided that the simplicial complex is a simplicial sphere, but otherwise has more complicated structure. Then we investigate the equivariant topology of the moment-angle complex and apply the Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence. We also relate our results with well known facts in the theory of toric varieties and symplectic geometry.

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