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Mathematics  2011 

Markov branching in the vertex splitting model

DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2012/04/P04018

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We study a special case of the vertex splitting model which is a recent model of randomly growing trees. For any finite maximum vertex degree $D$, we find a one parameter model, with parameter $\alpha \in [0,1]$ which has a so--called Markov branching property. When $D=\infty$ we find a two parameter model with an additional parameter $\gamma \in [0,1]$ which also has this feature. In the case $D = 3$, the model bears resemblance to Ford's $\alpha$--model of phylogenetic trees and when $D=\infty$ it is similar to its generalization, the $\alpha\gamma$--model. For $\alpha = 0$, the model reduces to the well known model of preferential attachment. In the case $\alpha > 0$, we prove convergence of the finite volume probability measures, generated by the growth rules, to a measure on infinite trees which is concentrated on the set of trees with a single spine. We show that the annealed Hausdorff dimension with respect to the infinite volume measure is $1/\alpha$. When $\gamma = 0$ the model reduces to a model of growing caterpillar graphs in which case we prove that the Hausdorff dimension is almost surely $1/\alpha$ and that the spectral dimension is almost surely $2/(1+\alpha)$. We comment briefly on the distribution of vertex degrees and correlations between degrees of neighbouring vertices.


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