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Physics  2013 

Neutron Stars and the EOS

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Abstract:

Implications of recently well-measured neutron star masses, particularly near and above 2 solar masses, for the equation of state (EOS) of neutron star matter are highlighted. Model-independent upper limits to thermodynamic properties in neutron stars, which only depend on the neutron star maximum mass, established from causality considerations are presented. The need for non-perturbative treatments of quark matter in neutron stars is stressed through studies of self-bound quark matter stars, and of nucleon-quark hybrid stars. The extent to which several well-measured masses and radii of individual neutron stars can establish a model-independent EOS through an inversion of the stellar structure equations is briefly discussed.

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