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Physics  2012 

Ultra-cold Fermi gases with resonant dipole-dipole interaction

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.045301

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Abstract:

The superfluid phases in the resonant dipolar Fermi gases are investigated by the standard mean-field theory. In contrast to the crossover from Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) to Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superfluid in the Fermi gases with the isotropic interactions, the resonant dipolar interaction leads to two completely different BEC phases of the tight-binding Fermi molecules on both sides of the resonance, which are characterized by two order parameters with the distinct internal symmetries. We point that near the resonance, the two competitive phases can coexist, and an emergent relative phase between the two order parameters spontaneously breaks the time-reversal symmetry, which could be observed in the momentum resolved rf-spectroscopy.

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