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Physics  2001 

Vortex bending and tightly packed vortex lattices in Bose-Einstein condensates

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.64.053611

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We study in detail the counterintuitive result that in elongated rotating Bose--Einstein condensates the ground state is composed of one or more vortex lines which bend even in completely symmetric setups. This symmetry breaking allows the condensate to smoothly adapt to rotation and to produce tightly packed arrays of vortex lines.


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