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Physics  2000 

Multiply charged metal cluster anions

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.2996

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Formation, stability patterns, and decay channels of silver dianionic and gold trianionic clusters are investigated with Penning-trap experiments and a shell-correction method including shape deformations. The theoretical predictions pertaining to the appearance sizes and electronic shell effects are in remarkable agreement with the experiments. Decay of the multiply anionic clusters occurs predominantly by electron tunneling through a Coulomb barrier, rather than via fission, leading to appearance sizes unrelated to those of multiply cationic clusters.


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