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Physics  2013 

Isovector pairing in a formalism of quartets for N=Z nuclei

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.88.061303

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We describe the ground state of the isovector pairing Hamiltonian in self-conjugate nuclei by a product of collective quartets of different structure built from two neutrons and two protons coupled to total isospin T=0. The structure of the collective quartets is determined by an iterative variational procedure based on a sequence of diagonalizations of the pairing Hamiltonian in spaces of reduced size. The accuracy of the quartet model is tested for N=Z nuclei carrying valence nucleons outside the $^{16}$O, $^{40}$Ca, and $^{100}$Sn cores. The comparison with the exact solutions of the pairing Hamiltonian, obtained by shell model diagonalization, shows that the quartet model is able to describe the isovector pairing energy with very high precision. The predictions of the quartet model are also compared to those of the simpler quartet condensation model in which all the collective quartets are assumed to be identical.


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