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Physics  2012 

Stamping and wrinkling of elastic plates

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.054302

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We study the peculiar wrinkling pattern of an elastic plate stamped into a spherical mold. We show that the wavelength of the wrinkles decreases with their amplitude, but reaches a maximum when the amplitude is of the order of the thickness of the plate. The force required for compressing the wrinkled plate presents a maximum independent of the thickness. A model is derived and verified experimentally for a simple one-dimensional case. This model is extended to the initial situation through an effective Young modulus representing the mechanical behavior of wrinkled state. The theoretical predictions are shown to be in good agreement with the experiments. This approach provides a complement to the "tension field theory" developed for wrinkles with unconstrained amplitude.


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