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Physics  2011 

Capillary interactions in Pickering emulsions

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.84.031401

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Abstract:

The effective capillary interaction potentials for small colloidal particles trapped at the surface of liquid droplets are calculated analytically. Pair potentials between capillary monopoles and dipoles, corresponding to particles floating on a droplet with a fixed center of mass and subjected to external forces and torques, respectively, exhibit a repulsion at large angular separations and an attraction at smaller separations, with the latter resembling the typical behavior for flat interfaces. This change of character is not observed for quadrupoles, corresponding to free particles on a mechanically isolated droplet. The analytical results for quadrupoles are compared with the numerical minimization of the surface free energy of the droplet in the presence of ellipsoidal particles.

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