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Physics  2001 

Superfluid-spiral state of quantum ferrimagnets in magnetic field

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.63.144414

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We study the phase diagram of one-dimensional quantum ferrimagnets by using a numerical exact diagonalization of a finite size system along with a field-theoretical non-linear $\sigma$ model of the quantum ferrimagnets at zero temperature and its effective description in the presence of the external magnetic field in terms of the quantum XY-model. The low- and the high-field phases correspond respectively to the classical N\'eel and the fully polarized ferromagnetic states where in the intermediate magnetic field ($h_{c1} < h < h_{c2}$), it is an XXZ+h model with easy plane anisotropy, which possess the spiral (superfluid) states that carry the dissipationless spin-supercurrent. We derive the critical exponents, and then will study the stability of the XY spiral state against these spin-supercurrents and the hard axis fluctuations. We will show a first order phase transition from the easy plane spiral state to a saturated ferromagnetic state occurs at $h=h_{c2}$ if the spin-supercurrent reaches to its critical value.


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