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Physics  2014 

Piecewise Interference and Stability of Branched Flow

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Abstract:

The defining feature of chaos is its hypersensitivity to small perturbations. However, we report a stability of branched flow against large perturbations where the classical trajectories are chaotic, showing that strong perturbations are largely ignored by the quantum dynamics. The origin of this stability is accounted for by the piecewise nature of the interference, which is largely ignored by the traditional theory of scattering. Incorporating it into our theory, we introduce the notion of piecewise classical stable paths(PCSPs). Our theory shall have implications for many different systems, from electron transport in nanostructures, light propagation in nonhomogeneous photonic structures to freak wave formations in oceans.

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