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Physics  2006 

Stochastic bifurcation of FitzHugh-Nagumo ensembles subjected to additive and/or multiplicative noises

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We have studied the dynamical properties of finite $N$-unit FitzHugh-Nagumo (FN) ensembles subjected to additive and/or multiplicative noises, reformulating the augmented moment method (AMM) with the Fokker-Planck equation (FPE) method [H. Hasegawa, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. {\bf 75}, 033001 (2006)]. In the AMM, original $2N$-dimensional stochastic equations are transformed to eight-dimensional deterministic ones, and the dynamics is described in terms of averages and fluctuations of local and global variables. The stochastic bifurcation is discussed by a linear stability analysis of the {\it deterministic} AMM equations. The bifurcation transition diagram of multiplicative noise is rather different from that of additive noise: the former has the wider oscillating region than the latter. The synchronization in globally coupled FN ensembles is also investigated. Results of the AMM are in good agreement with those of direct simulations (DSs).


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