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Physics  2010 

Ab initio theory of coherent phonon generation by laser excitation

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We show that time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) is applicable to coherent optical phonon generation by intense laser pulses in solids. The two mechanisms invoked in phenomenological theories, namely impulsively stimulated Raman scattering and displacive excitation, are present in the TDDFT. Taking the example of crystalline Si, we find that the theory reproduces the phenomena observed experimentally: dependence on polarization, strong growth at the direct band gap, and the change of phase from below to above the band gap. We conclude that the TDDFT offers a predictive ab initio framework to treat coherent optical phonon generation.


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