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Physics  2004 

Entanglement of electron spins in superconductors

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.144523

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Abstract:

We investigate entanglement of two electron spins forming Cooper pairs in an s-wave superconductor. The two-electron space-spin density matrix is obtained from the BCS ground state using a two-particle Green's function. It is demonstrated that a two spin state is not given by a spin singlet state but by a Werner state. It is found that the entanglement length, within which two spins are entangled, is not the order of the coherence length but the order of the Fermi wave length.

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