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Physics  1997 

Rotational Dynamics of the Magnetic Particles in Ferrofluids

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Abstract:

A new theory for the dynamics of the magnetic particles and their magnetic moments in ferrofluids is developed. Based on a generalized Lagrangian formulation for the equations of motion of the colloidal particle, we introduce its interaction with the solvent fluid via dissipative and random noise torques, as well as the interactions between the particle and its magnetic moment, treated as an independent physical entity and characterized by three generalized coordinates, its two polar angles and its modulus. It has been recognized recently that inertial effects, as well as the particle's rotational Brownian motion, may play important roles on the dynamic susceptibility of a class of magnetic fluids. No satisfactory theory existed, up to now, that takes this effects into account. The theory presented here is a first-principles 3-dimensional approach, in contrast to some phenomenological 2-dimensional approaches that can be found in the recent literature. It is appropriate for superparamagnetic, non-superparamagnetic and mixed magnetic fluids. As a simple application, the blocked limit (magnetic moment fixed in the particle) is treated numerically. The rotational trajectory of the particles in presence of a magnetic field, as well as the response functions and dynamic susceptibility matrices are explicitly calculated for some values of the parameters

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