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Physics  2015 

Valley blockade and multielectron spin-valley Kondo effect in silicon

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.035424

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Abstract:

We report on the valley blockade and the multielectron Kondo effect generated by an impurity atom in a silicon nano field effect device. According to the spin-valley nature of tunnelling processes, and consistently with those allowed by the valley blockade regime, the manifestation of Kondo effect obeys to the periodicity 4 of the electron filling sequence typical of silicon emerging at occupation N=1, 2, 3. The spin-valley Kondo effect emerges under different kinds of screening depending on the electron filling. By exploiting the valley blockade regime, valley index conservation in the Kondo SU(4) is deduced without the employment of an external magnetic field. Microwave irradiation suppresses the Kondo effect at occupancies up to three electrons.

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