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Physics  2015 

Microscopic Model for the Scintillation-Light Generation and Light-Quenching in CaWO$_4$ single crystals

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Abstract:

Scintillators are employed for particle detection and identification using light-pulse shapes and light quenching factors. We developed a comprehensive model describing the light generation and quenching in CaWO$_4$ single crystals used for direct dark matter search. All observed particle-dependent light-emission characteristics can be explained quantitatively, light-quenching factors and light-pulse shapes are calculated on a microscopic basis. This model can be extended to other scintillators such as inorganic crystal scintillators, liquid noble gases or organic liquid scintillators.

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