All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Relative Articles

Sociodemographic Effects on the Onset and Recovery of ADL Disability among Chinese Oldest-old

Function of Agricultural Terraces in Mediterranean Conditions - Selected Examples From the Island of Ikaria (The Southern Sporades, Greece)

A Population-based study of dementia in the oldest old: the Monzino 80-plus Study

Diagnosis of chronic conditions with modifiable lifestyle risk factors in selected urban and rural areas of Bangladesh and sociodemographic variability therein

Antibiotic use among 8-month-old children in Malm?, Sweden – in relation to child characteristics and parental sociodemographic, psychosocial and lifestyle factors

Cardiovascular Disease-Related Lifestyle Factors among People with Type 2 Diabetes in Pakistan: A Multicentre Study for the Prevalence, Clustering, and Associated Sociodemographic Determinants

Prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults with very low levels of schooling, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle: the Bambuí Health and Ageing Study (BHAS)

Association of Perceived Stress with Stressful Life Events, Lifestyle and Sociodemographic Factors: A Large-Scale Community-Based Study Using Logistic Quantile Regression

Cardiovascular Disease-Related Lifestyle Factors and Longevity

Fish Consumption Moderates Depressive Symptomatology in Elderly Men and Women from the IKARIA Study

More...

Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Statistics of Oldest Old People (>80 Years) Living in Ikaria Island: The Ikaria Study

DOI: 10.4061/2011/679187

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Background. There are places around the world where people live longer and they are active past the age of 100 years, sharing common behavioral characteristics; these places (i.e., Sardinia in Italy, Okinawa in Japan, Loma Linda in California and Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica) have been named the “Blue Zones”. Recently it was reported that people in Ikaria Island, Greece, have also one of the highest life expectancies in the world, and joined the “Blue Zones”. The aim of this work work was to evaluate various demographic, lifestyle and psychological characteristics of very old (>80 years) people participated in Ikaria Study. Methods. During 2009, 1420 people (aged 30+) men and women from Ikaria Island, Greece, were voluntarily enrolled in the study. For this work, 89 males and 98 females over the age of 80 yrs were studied (13% of the sample). Socio-demographic, clinical, psychological and lifestyle characteristics were assessed using standard questionnaires and procedures. Results. A large proportion of the Ikaria Study's sample was over the age of 80; moreover, the percent of people over 90 were much higher than the European population average. The majority of the oldest old participants reported daily physical activities, healthy eating habits, avoidance of smoking, frequent socializing, mid-day naps and extremely low rates of depression. Conclusion. Modifiable risk factors, such as physical activity, diet, smoking cessation and mid-day naps, might depict the “secrets” of the long-livers; these findings suggest that the interaction of environmental, behavioral together with clinical characteristics may determine longevity. This concept must be further explored in order to understand how these factors relate and which are the most important in shaping prolonged life. 1. Introduction Demographic analyses throughout the world suggest that the oldest old (i.e., people of age 80 years and older) are the fastest growing portion of the population [1]. Due to these changes, the United Nations’ Global Population Pyramid is undertaking a shift, from the classical shape of a pyramid to a cube [2]. The resultant change in the age distribution of the world’s population has been, partially attributed to the medical advancements of the recent years, a reduction in maternal and infant mortality, as well as in improved nutrition [3]. Beyond these global considerations it is of interest that there are places around the world where people live longer and, most importantly, they are physically active even after the age of 100 years. Specifically, in the past years

References

[1]  K. Kinsella, “Demographic dimensions of global aging,” Journal of Family Issues, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 541–558, 2000.
[2]  J. E. Cohen, “Human population: the next half century,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5648, pp. 1172–1175, 2003.
[3]  M. Leslie, “Aging: searching for the secrets of the super old,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5897, pp. 1764–1765, 2008.
[4]  The Blue Zones, 2010, http://www.bluezones.com/about-the-blue-zones-community.
[5]  Ikaria Island, 2010, http://www.icaria.gr/En/en.html.
[6]  C. L. Craig, A. L. Marshall, M. Sj?str?m et al., “International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1381–1395, 2003.
[7]  S. Tyrovolas, G. Pounis, V. Bountziouka, E. Polychronopoulos, and D. B. Panagiotakos, “Repeatability and validation of a short, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire designed for older adults living in mediterranean areas: the MEDIS-FFQ,” Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 311–324, 2010.
[8]  D. B. Panagiotakos, C. Pitsavos, F. Arvaniti, and C. Stefanadis, “Adherence to the Mediterranean food pattern predicts the prevalence of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and obesity, among healthy adults; the accuracy of the MedDietScore,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 335–340, 2007.
[9]  J. A. Yesavage, T. L. Brink, and T. L. Rose, “Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 37–49, 1982.
[10]  K. N. Fountoulakis, M. Tsolaki, A. Iacovides et al., “The validation of the short form of the geriatric depression scale (GDS) in Greece,” Aging—Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 367–372, 1999.
[11]  Census data 2001, 2010, http://www.statistics.gr/.
[12]  World Population Ageing 1950–2050, Report, DESA, United Nations, 2010.
[13]  S. Tyrovolas, A. Zeimbekis, V. Bountziouka et al., “Factors associated with the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among elderly men and women living in Mediterranean Islands: the MEDIS study,” Review of Diabetic Studies, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 25–34, 2009.
[14]  S. Tyrovolas, V. Bountziouka, N. Papairakleous et al., “Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with lower prevalence of obesity among elderly people living in Mediterranean islands: the MEDIS study,” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 137–150, 2009.
[15]  K. T. B. Knoops, L. C. P. G. M. De Groot, D. Kromhout et al., “Mediterranean diet, lifestyle factors, and 10-year mortality in elderly European men and women: the HALE project,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no. 12, pp. 1433–1439, 2004.
[16]  A. S. Dontas, J. Moschandreas, and A. Kafatos, “Physical activity and nutrition in older adults,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 2, no. 3 A, pp. 429–436, 1999.
[17]  M. Osler and M. Schroll, “Diet and mortality in a cohort of elderly people in a North European Community,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 155–159, 1997.
[18]  C. Lasheras, S. Fernandez, and A. M. Patterson, “Mediterranean diet and age with respect to overall survival in institutionalized, nonsmoking elderly people,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 987–992, 2000.
[19]  E. Mamplekou, V. Bountziouka, T. Psaltopoulou et al., “Urban environment, physical inactivity and unhealthy dietary habits correlate to depression among elderly living in eastern Mediterranean islands: the MEDIS (Mediterranean islands elderly) study,” Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, vol. 14, pp. 449–455, 2010.
[20]  D. B. Panagiotakos, M. Kinlaw, N. Papaerakleous, S. Papoutsou, P. Toutouzas, and E. Polychronopoulos, “Depressive symptomatology and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among older men and women from Cyprus; The MEDIS (Mediterranean Islands Elderly) epidemiological study,” Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 688–695, 2008.
[21]  A. Naska, E. Oikonomou, A. Trichopoulou, T. Psaltopoulou, and D. Trichopoulos, “Siesta in healthy adults and coronary mortality in the general population,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 167, no. 3, pp. 296–301, 2007.
[22]  H. M. Arthur, “Depression, isolation, social support, and cardiovascular disease in older adults,” Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. S2–S7, 2006.
[23]  E. Tourlouki, E. Polychronopoulos, A. Zeimbekis et al., “The “secrets” of the long livers in Mediterranean islands: the MEDIS study,” European Journal of Public Health, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 659–664, 2010.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal