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Physics  2009 

Can one measure nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay?

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.80.041302

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By making use of the isospin conservation by strong interaction, the Fermi $0\nu\beta\beta$ nuclear matrix element $M_{F}^{0\nu}$ is transformed to acquire the form of an energy-weighted double Fermi transition matrix element. This useful representation allows reconstruction of the total $M_{F}^{0\nu}$ provided a small isospin-breaking Fermi matrix element between the isobaric analog state in the intermediate nucleus and the ground state of the daughter nucleus could be measured, e.g. by charge-exchange reactions. Such a measurement could set a scale for the $0\nu\beta\beta$ nuclear matrix elements and help much to discriminate between different nuclear structure models in which calculated $M_{F}^{0\nu}$ may differ by as much as the factor of 5.


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