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Physics  2009 

Maser Studies in Evolved Stars

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High resolution maps of maser emission provide very detailed information on processes occurring in circumstellar envelopes of late-type stars. A particularly detailed picture of the innermost shells around AGB stars is provided by SiO masers. Considerable progress is being made to provide astrometrically aligned multi-transition simultaneous observations of these masers, which are needed to better constrain the models. In view of the large amount of high quality data available, models should now be developed to fully explain all maser characteristics together (spatial distribution, variability, etc). New generation instruments (VERA, VSOP-2), new observational techniques (frequency-phase transfer), and new models promise important improvements of our knowledge on this topic.


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