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Exploiting Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Knowledge Generation to Achieve Ambient Intelligence

DOI: 10.1155/2012/262936

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Ambient Intelligence (AmI) joins together the fields of ubiquitous computing and communications, context awareness, and intelligent user interfaces. Energy, fault-tolerance, and mobility are newly added dimensions of AmI. Within the context of AmI the concept of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) for “anytime and anywhere” is likely to play larger roles in the future in which people are surrounded and supported by small context-aware, cooperative, and nonobtrusive devices that will aid our everyday life. The connection between knowledge generation and communication ad hoc networking is symbiotic—knowledge generation utilizes ad hoc networking to perform their communication needs, and MANETs will utilize the knowledge generation to enhance their network services. The contribution of the present study is a distributed evolving fuzzy modeling framework (EFMF) to observe and categorize relationships and activities in the user and application level and based on that social context to take intelligent decisions about MANETs service management. EFMF employs unsupervised online one-pass fuzzy clustering method to recognize nodes' mobility context from social scenario traces and ubiquitously learn “friends” and “strangers” indirectly and anonymously. 1. Introduction Ambient intelligence (AmI) is emerging as a new research discipline joining the fields of ubiquitous computing and communications, context-awareness, and intelligent user interfaces. The paradigm is also known as “pervasive computing”, “things that think”, “ubiquitous computing”, and so forth. Energy, fault-tolerance, and mobility are newly added dimensions of the AmI [1]. AmI places people and social contexts at the centre, while the information and communication technologies as well as network context go to the background. The new AmI paradigm is made possible by the convergence of low-cost sensors, embedded processors, and wireless ad hoc networks in new generation industrial digital products and services. Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are multihop wireless networks without fixed infrastructure, formed by mobile nodes. The connection between knowledge generation and mobile ad hoc networks will be symbiotic—knowledge generation will utilize the wireless ad hoc networking to perform their communication needs, and MANETs will utilize knowledge generation to enhance their network services. Current mobile devices, which go together with us anywhere and at anytime, are the most convenient tools to help us in ubiquitous computing, that is, to intermediate between us and our surroundings in an unobtrusive

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