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冰川冻土  2015 

2001-2012年新疆融雪型洪水时空分布特征

DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2015.0025, PP. 226-232

Keywords: 融雪型洪水,时空分布,高发区,新疆

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Abstract:

利用2001-2012年新疆区域内发生的融雪型洪水资料,分析研究了近12a新疆融雪型洪水时空分布特征.结果表明新疆融雪型洪水与前一年10月至当年3月新疆全站总累计降水量大小相关,降水量大的年份,对应的融雪型洪水发生次数也多;冬末至夏季融雪型洪水在北疆地区基本上是从西向东、从南向北的先后顺序出现,而在南疆地区的融雪洪水基本上是从西向东、从北向南先后顺序出现.新疆融雪型洪水主要集中出现在春夏季,其中,北疆地区在3月,南疆地区在7月发生较多;伊犁河谷、昌吉、阿勒泰、和田等地区及青河、乌鲁木齐、阿克陶、民丰等市县是新疆融雪型洪水的高发区.

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