The majority of children with perinatally acquired human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV) do not survive beyond childhood but this is changing due to the
benefit of antiretroviral therapy for the perinatally infected cohort, so
affected children are now approaching the age to be mothers. The aim of this
article is to evaluate the outcomes of pregnant women with HIV acquired by
vertical transmission in our centre and encourage the results obtained in “Thirty
Years Later: Pregnancies in Female Perinatally Infected with Human
Immunodeficiency Virus-1”, a review article published in this journal in 2012 . We report 6
patients with eight pregnancies with HIV acquired by vertical transmission.
They delivered a total of nine newborns between 2004 and 2013. In any case,
mother-to-child transmission was reported. The management of pregnant women
with HIV acquired by vertical transmission is complicated, since the patients
are the most of the cases young and the compliance to the treatment may be
poor. The prematurity was the more frequent complication and the cesarean
section was the more frequent form of ending. In our case series,
mother-to-child transmission was absent.
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