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乒乓球运动科研现状的文献学分析—基于近15年的体育核心期刊考察
Philology Analysis of Scientific Research Present Situation of Table Tennis—Based on the Inspection of Nearly 15 Years Sports Core Journals

DOI: 10.12677/APS.2015.32007, PP. 37-43

Keywords: 乒乓球运动,体育核心期刊,文献学分析
Table Tennis
, Sports Core Journals, Philology Analysis

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Abstract:

笔者在精读每篇文献的基础上,运用文献资料法、数理统计法和逻辑分析法对自2000年国际乒联三大改制后至2014年15年间在我国13种体育类核心期刊上发表且被《中文期刊全文数据库》收录有关乒乓球的405篇科研论文进行统计分析,结果表明:体育类院校学报是刊载论文的主要载体;论文发表数量总体处于增加的趋势;论文撰写多是在两人或者两人以上合作完成;论文作者年龄集中在36岁以上的中年段和50岁以上的老年段;文献研究的主题分布范围较广,在运动医学、运动生物力学、运动生理学等交叉学科与乒乓球运动结合的研究有一定的进展,但还属凤毛菱角;研究内容多集中于技战术研究、乒乓球教学与训练等方面。针对残疾人乒乓球运动员“海外乒团”的研究较为罕见。建议在广泛开展乒乓球竞技运动研究的同时,加强乒乓球运动的推广研究,推进乒乓球运动与全名健身计划的有机结合,促进我国乒乓球运动可持续发展,探索高效、科学合理的发展模式,更好的实现乒乓球的“第三次创业”目标,推动乒乓球世界化进程。
Abstracts: On basis of careful reading of every essay and by adopting the methods of literature- documentation, mathematical statistics and logical analysis, the authors have made an analytical and statistical study of 405 research papers on table tennis published in the 13 major sports pe-riodicals (indexed in Full-Text Database of Periodicals in Chinese) during the fifteen years between 2000-2014 when the International Table Tennis Association made three important reforms. Results show that school publications of sports universities and institutes are the main carriers of research papers. The whole number of papers published is increasing and most of the papers are co-authored by two or more people. The authors’ age range is mostly middle-aged above 36 and old-aged above 50. The research subjects range fairly wide mainly on intercross subjects as sports medicine, sports biomechanics, and sports physiology. But subjects on table tennis related issues are rarely, and researches are chiefly made on skills and tactics, table tennis education and training. Very few researches are made on the so-called “overseas corps” and the disabled table tennis players. It is proposed that along with the extensive research on competitive sports, emphasis shall be laid on the research of popularization of the table tennis. That is to promote the combination of table tennis with the good-health plan of the whole people, to enhance the sustainable development of table tennis in China and to explore an effective, scientific and rational approach for the realization of the goal of the “third start” of table tennis, then to accelerate the progress of table tennis globalization.

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