We conducted a cross-sectional study
between February 1st, 2012 and September 30, 2012 at Bobo-Dioulasso University
Teaching hospital. The target population was all patients seen at the
emergency services for acute urinary retention. Among the 155 patients
admitted for urological emergencies, 104 (67.1%) had acute urinary retention.
The average age of patients was 65 years, ranging from 23 to 89 years and the
majority was more than 60 years old (77.8%) and lived in rural areas (64.4%).
Prostate tumor pathology and urethral stricture were the most frequent
diagnosis, and the renal function was impaired in 33.7% of cases.
Urethrovesical drainage, cystocatheterism, and suprapubic cystostomy were the
treatment approach in 56.0%, 28.0% and 15.2% of the cases. Acute urinary
retention is the most common urological emergency and many complications are
associated with urethrovesical sounding. These complications should therefore
be prevented by improving acute urinary care.
Diakité, M.L, Koné, O., Avakoudjo, J., Hodonou, R., Cissé, D., Ouattara, A., Gandaho, I. and Akpo, C. (2013) Acute Urinary Retention: Epidemiological, Diagnosis and Therapeutic Aspects at Teaching Hospital Hubert K Maga of Cotonou. Médicine d’Afrique Noire, 60, 459-464.
Diallo, A.B., Bah, I., Diallo, T.M.O., Bah, O.R., Amougou, B., Bah, M.D., Guirassy, S. and Diallo, M.B. (2010) The Profile Urologicalemergencies at the Conakry University Teaching Hospital, Guinea. Progrès en Urologie, 20, 214-218.
Van den Heever, A.P., Lazarus, J., Naude, J.H., Wiechers, L. and Tsheisi, M. (2012) Retrospective Outcome Analysis of Urethroplasties Performed for Various Aetiology in a Single South African Center. African Journal of Urology, 18, 127-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afju.2012.03.001
Emberton, M. and Fitzpatrick, J. (2008) The Reten-World Survey of the Management of Acute Urinary Retention: Preliminary Results. BJU International, 101, 27-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2008.07491.x
Papoola, A.A., Oséni, I., Bamgbola, K.T. and Babata, A.L. (2012) Toxic Catheters and Urethral Strictures: A Concern about Type of Catheters Used in Resource-Poor Countries. African Journal of Urology, 18, 157-160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afju.2012.10.002
Nacey, J.N., Tulloch, A.G.S. and Ferguson, A.S. (1985) Catheters Induced Urethritis a Comparison between Latex and Silicone Catheters in a Prospective Clinical Trial. BJU International, 57, 325-328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410X.1985.tb06354.x