本文以重返文化为研究背景，以海归知识员工为研究对象，探讨了组织支持和主动性人格对归国适应的影响和作用边界。本研究从生活环境、工作环境和沟通环境这三方面分别考察了组织支持和主动型人格对归国适应的直接影响。特别地，本文以特质激活理论为理论基础考察了组织支持和主动型人格的交互作用对归国适应的影响。对229名海归知识员工的调查数据显示，经济支持能够帮助他们适应生活环境；职业支持对工作环境有显著的积极作用；而适应支持有利于海归知识员工更加适应沟通环境。本研究还发现主动性人格对归国适应有促进作用，特别是当职业支持和适应支持高时，主动性人格对工作适应和互动适应的促进作用更显著。 Based on reentry research, this paper studies the effect of perceived organizational support and proactive personality on reentry adjustment for retuned knowledge workers. This paper examines the relationship between organizational support, proactive personality and reentry adjustment from general work and interaction environment. Specifically, based on trait activation theory, it ex-plores the interaction effect of organizational support and proactive personality on reentry adjust-ment. Data are collected from 229 returned knowledge workers. The results show that financial or-ganizational support, career organizational support and adjustment organizational support have significant positive effect on general adjustment, work adjustment and interaction adjustment re-spectively. Moreover, proactive personality has positive effect on reentry adjustment. Specifically, proactive personality shows more significant positive effect when financial organizational support and adjustment organizational support are high.
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