All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Ichthyofaunal Diversity and Water Quality in the Kangsabati Reservoir, West Bengal, India

DOI: 10.1155/2014/674313

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


The ichthyofauna in relation to water quality was studied on monthly basis from March, 2010 to February, 2011 in the Kangsabati Reservoir, West Bengal. The study revealed that physicochemical parameters of Kangsabati Reservoir were congenial for 39 fish species of commercial importance, belonging to 7 orders, 15 families, and 26 genera. The Cypriniformes were dominant with 17 species, followed by Siluriformes and Perciformes, with 7 species each, Channiformes with 3 species, Osteoglossiformes and Synbranchiformes with 2 species each, and Anguilliformes with 1 species. Regarding their conservation status, 27 species were of least concern, 1 species was vulnerable, 6 species were near threatened, 1 species was data deficient, and 4 species were not evaluated (IUCN-Version 2014.1). Economical values have also been evaluated. Water parameters such as temperature, pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, hardness, free CO2, salinity, total inorganic nitrogen, and phosphate were recorded and found suitable for fish production. Conductivity, transparency, and high chloride level are minor limiting factor that may needs rectification for improved fisheries management. 1. Introduction The aquatic ecosystem is highly dependent on water quality and biological diversity. Physicochemical parameters of water play a significant role in the biology and physiology of fish [1]. Lakes and reservoirs contribute to the single largest inland fishery resources in terms of both size and production potential. Fishes are the important indicator of aquatic ecosystem and occupy a remarkable position from a socioeconomic point of view. Fish is very rich source of protein as well as vitamins and other minerals. Kangsabati Reservoir is situated between 22°55′16.53′′N–23°2′30.41′′N latitude and 86°37′55.30′′E–86°47′23.35′′E longitude, about 67?Km southwest from the Bankura District Town, West Bengal, India. The reservoir is used not only for irrigation but also for fish production by Fishery Department, Government of West Bengal, through the involvement of local fishermen communities. The structure of fish community, fish distribution, and ichthyofauna diversity has been reported by various workers in the different lakes and reservoirs [2–19]. But comprehensive information of Kangsabati Reservoir (Figure 1) on fish diversity in relation to water quality is inadequate to frame a tangible fisheries programme. Figure 1: View of the Kangsabati Reservoir (blue shaded area indicating reservoir area in inset). In the present study, our main aim was to evaluate the suitability of water to nurture


[1]  A. Dhawan and S. Kaur, “Pig Dung as pond manure: effect on water quality, pond productivity and growth of carps in polyculture system,” Naga (ICLARM Quarterly), vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 11–14, 2002.
[2]  A. Sreenivasan, “Limnology of tropical impoundments. I. Hydrological features and fish production in Stanley reservoir, Mettur Dam,” Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 295–306, 1966.
[3]  K. K. Vass, A. Wanganeo, H. S. Raina, D. P. Zutshi, and R. Wanganeo, “Summer limnology and fisheries of high mountain lakes of Kashmir Himalaya,” Archiv für Hydrobiologie, vol. 114, no. 4, pp. 603–619, 1989.
[4]  L. M. Rao, “Hydrobiology and ichthyofauna of Mahendrigeda stream, Visakhapatnam (A.P.),” Journal of Aquatic Biology, vol. 13, no. 1-2, pp. 25–28, 1999.
[5]  D. K. Kaushal, “Interrelationship of bottom fauna, fish and fisheries of Gobindsagar Reservoir, Himachal Pradesh,” Indian Journal of Fisheries, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 13–19, 2000.
[6]  L. Sarkar and S. Benerjee, “Ichthyofauna of Damodar river system,” Proceedings of the Zoological Society (Calcutta), vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 41–54, 2000.
[7]  P. K. Joshi and V. B. Sakhare, “Ecology and Ichthyofauna of Bori reservoir in Maharashtra,” Fishing Chimes, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 40–41, 2002.
[8]  D. K. Mahapatra, “Present status of fisheries of Hirakund Reservoir, Orissa,” Fishing Chimes, vol. 22, no. 10-11, pp. 76–79, 2003.
[9]  S. V. A. Chandrasekhar, C. Nalini, and M. S. Kodarkar, “Limnological studies with reference to pisciculture, case study of Saroornagar Lake, Hyderabad (A.P.),” Journal of Aquatic Biology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 197–200, 2004.
[10]  J. K. Balogun, “Fish distribution in a small domestic water supply reservoir: a case study of Kangimi reservoir, Kaduna, Nigeria,” Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 93–97, 2005.
[11]  S. Patra, Studies on the biological aspects of Ansupa Lake, Orissa (India) [Ph.D. thesis], Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, India, 2006.
[12]  J. Kantoussan, J. M. Ecoutin, M. Simier, G. Fontenelle, O. T. Thiaw, and R. La?, “The relevance of species-based indicators as a tool for evaluating the structure of exploited fish assemblages: a comparative study of two tropical lakes in Mali, West Africa,” Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 135–148, 2007.
[13]  M. Y. Kulkarni, A. N. Kulkarni, and V. S. Somvanshi, “A study on some aspects of reservoir fisheries of Derala Tank, Dist-Nanded, Maharastra,” in Proceedings of Taal 2007: The 12th World Lake Conference, pp. 568–570, 2008.
[14]  B. A. Pawar and A. N. Shendge, “Studies on water quality of Ashwi Reservoir in relation to pisciculture, Ahmednagar district, Maharastra,” Journal of Experimental Zoology India, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 361–364, 2009.
[15]  V. Keshre and L. K. Mudgal, “Study on fish diversity & fish production of Moghat Reservoir, Khandwa (M.P.),” Journal of Environmental Conservation, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 117–120, 2010.
[16]  M. Singh, “Study of plankton abundance in fresh water fish pond at Malawan, Etah (UP),” Indian Journal of Biological Studies and Research, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 2011.
[17]  N. Kumar, “Study on ichthyofaunal biodiversity of Turkaulia Lake, East-Champaran, Bihar, India,” International Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 21–24, 2012.
[18]  A. S. Kumar Naik, S. Benakappa, S. R. Somashekara, et al., “Studies on ichthyofaunal diversity of Karanja reservoir, Karnataka, India,” International Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 38–43, 2013.
[19]  D. Basavaraja, J. Narayana, B. R. Kiran, and E. T. Puttaiah, “Fish diversity and abundance in relation to water quality of Anjanapura Reservoir, Karnataka, India,” International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 747–757, 2014.
[20]  F. S. Day, The Fishes of India, William and Sons, London, UK, 1958.
[21]  V. G. Jhingran, Fish and fisheries of India, Hindustan Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India, 1975.
[22]  K. C. Jayaram, The Freshwater Fishes of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, and Sri Lanka: Handbook, Calcutta, India, ZSI, 1981.
[23]  P. K. Talwar and A. G. Jhingran, Inland Fishes of India and Adjuscent Countries, vol. 1 and 2, Oxford and IBH Pub. Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, 1991.
[24]  APHA, Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Waste Water, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 21st edition, 2008.
[25]  S. V. Rankhamb, “Ichthyofaunal diversity of Godavari River at Mudgal Tq. Pathri, dist. Parbhani,” Recent Research in Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 11–13, 2011.
[26]  T. Yousuf, M. Ibrahim, H. Majid, J. Ahmad, and V. Vyas, “Ichthyofaunal diversity of Halali Reservoir, Vidisha, Madhyapradesh,” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 1–7, 2012.
[27]  Fish Base, 2014,
[28]  IUCN, “IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (version 2014.1),”
[30]  A. Basu, D. Dutta, and S. Banerjee, “Indigenous ornamental fishes of West Bengal,” Recent Research in Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 12–21, 2012.
[31]  “FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome,” The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, pp. 115–116, 2010.
[32]  A. Bhatnagar, S. N. Jana, S. K. Garg, B. C. Patra, G. Singh, and U. K. Barman, “Water quality management in aquaculture,” in Course Manual of Summer School on Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Technology in Fresh and Saline Waters, pp. 203–210, CCS Haryana Agricultural, Hisar, India, 2004.
[33]  B. Santhosh and N. P. Sing, “Guidelines for water quality management for fish culture in Tripura,” ICAR research complex for NEH region, Tripura Centre, Lembucherra-799 210, Tripura (west). Publication no. 29, 2007.
[34]  C. Galbrand, I. G. Lemieux, A. E. Ghaly, R. C?té, and M. Verma, “Water quality assessment of a constructed wetland treating landfill leachate and industrial park runoff,” The American Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 111–120, 2008.
[35]  N. Stone, J. L. Shelton, B. E. Haggard, and H. K. Thomforde, “Interpretation of water analysis reports for fish culture,” SRAC Publication no. 4606, Southern Regional Aquaculture Centre (SRAC), 2013.
[36]  J. K. Buttner, R. W. Soderberg, and D. E. Terlizzi, “An introduction to water chemistry in fresh water aquaculture,” NRAC Fact Sheet 170-1993, Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Centre (NRAC), 1993.
[37]  A. Qayyum, M. Ayub, and A. B. Tabinda, “Effect of aeration on water quality, fish growth and survival in aquaculture ponds,” Pakistan Journal of Zoology, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 75–80, 2005.
[38]  S. M. Banerjea, “Water quality and soil condition of fish ponds in some states of India in relation to fish production,” Indian Journal of Fisheries, vol. 14, pp. 115–144, 1967.
[39]  A. Bhatnagar and G. Singh, “Culture fisheries in village ponds—a multi location study in Haryana, India,” Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 961–968, 2010.
[40]  S. Kausik, M. S. Agarkar, and D. N. Sakesena, “Distribution of phytoplankton in riverine water in Chambal area, Madhyapradesh,” Bionature, vol. 12, p. 17, 1992.
[41]  A. Bhatnagar and P. Devi, “Water quality guidelines for the management of pond fish culture,” International Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1980–2009, 2013.


comments powered by Disqus