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日语流行语的社会文化性研究
Sociological Researches on Catch Phrases in Modern Japanese Language

DOI: 10.12677/ML.2013.13019, PP. 103-107

Keywords: 流行语;来源;消亡;修辞;特征
Catch Phrases
, Origin, Extermination, Rhetorical Structures, Linguistic Characteristics

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Abstract:

日语流行语与一般词语相比,有更多的社会文化含义。从流行语中我们可以感受到当代社会经济发展的脉搏、生活变化的轨迹、文化潮流的走向、人际关系的改变,并由此带来的思维、观念,以及心态的种种变化。流行语来源广泛,须经一定条件传播,或最终消亡或被长久沿用。流行语之所以得以流行,除与语义因素有关,更与其多种修辞效果相关。
In modern Japanese language, compared with commonly used phrases, the catch phrases have deeper meanings especially on the sociocultural level. From the popular catch phrases, the steps of modern social economic developments, the traces of social life variations, the trends of cultural influences, and the changes of interpersonal relationships can be systematically studied. Additionally, the consequent chain reactions arisen by those factors mentioned above, such as the changes on thoughts, senses, and mentalities, both socially and individually, can also be deduced. Catch phrases come from varieties of origins, with some proper confinements to be spread, and finally diminish or permanently use under different circumstances. The reasons of the popularity on a certain catch phrase, are affected and determined by not only the semantics, but also strongly related to the rhetorical effects.

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