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Age-Related Influence for Framing Effect in the Risky Decision-Making Tasks

DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.35037, PP. 238-245

Keywords: 年龄;风险决策;框架效应;认知加工风格;信息加工双通路说
, Risky Decision-Making, Framing Effect, Cognitive Processing Style, Dual Information Processes

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Studies of framing effect in risky decision-making played an important role in rational deci- sion-making. There might be significant age-related changes of framing effects. Previous studies mainly had three findings: first of all, participants with different ages showed little differences in framing effect; Next, framing effect became larger with the increasing age; Finally, participants’ decision shifted from bidirectional to unidirectional framing effect with age increased. We reviewed the complicated relationships between framing effect and age, under the construct of neural correlates, cognitive processing style, dual information processes and the modified prospect theory; Moreover, we supposed that the increasing advantage of proc- essing emotional information, especially positive emotion might be the key reason of age-related changes in framing effect.


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