All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Relative Articles

Proximate, Antinutrients and Mineral Composition of Raw and Processed (Boiled and Roasted) Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seeds from Southern Kaduna, Northwest Nigeria

Proximate and Mineral Composition of Boiled Carnavalia ensiformis Seeds

Evaluation of Raw and Boiled Velvet Bean (Mucuna utilis) as Feed Ingredient for Broiler Chickens

Growth Response and Nutrient Utilization of Heterobranchus Longifilis (Valenciennes,1840) Fingerlings Fed Raw and Boiled Mucuna Cochinchinensis Seed Meal

Growth, Carcass and Reproductive Characteristics of Male Rabbits (Bucks) Fed Raw and Boiled Pigeon Pea Seed (Cajanus cajan) Meal

Growth Performance and Some Blood Variables of Broiler Chickens Fed Raw or Boiled Mango Kennel Meal

Evaluation of growth performance and haematological response of broiler chicks to raw and boiled Garcinia kola seed diet

Assessment of the Growth Performance and Feed Utilization of Fingerling Heterobranchus longifilis Fed Raw and Boiled Jackbean (Canavalia ensiformis) Seed Meal as Fishmeal Substitute

Some haematological changes in hybrid catfish (Heterobranchus longifilis x Clarias gariepinus) fed different dietary levels of raw and boiled jackbean (Canavalia ensiformis) seed meal

Changes in the haematological parameters of juvenile Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fed different dietary levels of raw and boiled jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis (L) SD.C.) seed meal

More...

Comparative Study of Raw and Boiled Silver Pomfret Fish from Coastal Area and Retail Market in Relation to Trace Metals and Proximate Composition

DOI: 10.1155/2014/826139

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Trace metals concentration and proximate composition of raw and boiled silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus) from coastal area and retail market were determined to gain the knowledge of the risk and benefits associated with indiscriminate consumption of marine fishes. The effects of cooking (boiling) on trace metal and proximate composition of silver pomfret fish were also investigated. Trace element results were determined by the Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) Spectrometer wherein fish samples from both areas exceeded the standard limits set by FAO/WHO for manganese, lead, cadmiumm and chromium and boiling has no significant effects on these three metal concentrations. Long-term intake of these contaminated fish samples can pose a health risk to humans who consume them. 1. Introduction Fish is a healthy food for most of the world’s population particularly developing countries in contrast to meat, poultry, and eggs. Fish provides comparatively cheap and readily available protein sources (about 15 to 20 percent) in addition to long chains of n-3 fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals which contributes to healthier nutritional options for a balance dietary intake [1, 2]. Among the all fishes, marine fish are very rich sources of protein and various mineral components. The total content of minerals in raw flesh of marine fish is in the range of 0.6–1.5% of wet weight [3]. Trace metals are present in water from natural sources such as the rocks of the sea bed and also accumulated as a result of human activities such as emissions from industrial processes. These elements are taken up by marine fishes which are higher up the food chain. As a result, the concentrations of many elements including mercury, arsenic, lead, and cadmium in fish can be relatively high compared to other foods. Many of these metals such as iron, copper, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, and zinc are essential trace elements and play important roles in biological systems. Meanwhile, mercury, lead, and cadmium are toxic, even in trace amounts [4]. Moreover, elevated concentration of manganese and nickel has been found to be toxic to aquatic organism [5, 6]. To monitor trace metals concentrations in the coastal environment, marine fishes have been widely used as bioindicators due to their wide range of distribution. Several studies have been carried out on metal pollution in different species of edible fish. Predominantly, fish toxicological and environmental studies have prompted interest in the determination of toxic elements in seafood [7–10]. According to the

References

[1]  P. Hajeb, S. Jinap, A. Ismail, A. B. Fatimah, B. Jamilah, and M. Abdul Rahim, “Assessment of mercury level in commonly consumed marine fishes in Malaysia,” Food Control, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 79–84, 2009.
[2]  Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), “Nutritional elements of fish,” 2010, http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/12319/en.
[3]  Z. E. Sikorski, Resources Nutritional Composition and Preservation, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1990.
[4]  A. A. Nurnadia, A. Azrina, I. Amin, A. S. Mohd Yunus, and H. Mohd Izuan Effendi, “Mineral contents of selected marine fish and shellfish from the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia,” International Food Research Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 431–437, 2013.
[5]  P. L. Kempster, W. A. J. Hattingh, and V. H. R. Van, “Summarized water quality criteria,” Tech. Rep. TR108.45, Department of Water Affairs, Cape Town, South Africa, 1982.
[6]  B. S. Khangarot and P. K. Ray, “Correlation between heavy metal acute toxicity values in Daphnia magna and fish,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 722–726, 1987.
[7]  A. Begum, S. Harikrishna, and I. Khan, “Analysis of heavy metals in water, sediments and fish samples of Madivala Lakes of Bangalore, Karnataka,” International Journal of ChemTech Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 245–249, 2009.
[8]  S. Tabari, S. S. S. Saravi, G. A. Bandany, A. Dehghan, and M. Shokrzadeh, “Heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Cd and Cr) in fish, water and sediments sampled form Southern Caspian Sea, Iran,” Toxicology and Industrial Health, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 649–656, 2010.
[9]  N. Kalogeropoulos, S. Karavoltsos, A. Sakellari, S. Avramidou, M. Dassenakis, and M. Scoullos, “Heavy metals in raw, fried and grilled Mediterranean finfish and shellfish,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 3702–3708, 2012.
[10]  F. H. Bashir, M. S. Othman, A. G. Mazlan, S. M. Rahim, and K. D. Simon, “Heavy metal concentration in fishes from the coastal waters of Kapar and Mersing, Malaysia,” Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 375–382, 2013.
[11]  Y. N. Jolly, A. Islam, and S. Akbar, “Transfer of metals from soil to vegetables and its possible health risk assessment,” SpringerPlus, vol. 2, no. 385, pp. 1–8, 2013.
[12]  A. Islam and Y. N. Jolly, “Heavy metals in water and fishes of the tannery affected vicinity of the River Buriganga,” Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 163–171, 2007.
[13]  Y. N. Jolly, T. R. Chowdhury, A. Islam, N. I. Suravi, and M. S. Sultana, “Background chemical study of relocated hazaribagh tannery complex environment, Savar,” Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 45–51, 2012.
[14]  AOAC, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, AOAC, Washington, DC, USA, 17th edition, 2000.
[15]  WHO/FAO, List of Maximum Levels Recommended for Contaminants by the Joint FAO/WHO, Codex Alimentarius Commission, CAC/FAL, Rome, Italy, 1984.
[16]  I. Sen, A. Shandil, and V. S. Shrivastava, “Study for determination of heavy metals in fish species of the river Yamuna (Delhi) by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES,” Advances in Applied Science Research, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 161–166, 2011.
[17]  H. H. A. Ganbi, “Heavy metals pollution level in marine hammour fish and the effect of popular cooking methods and freezing process on these pollutants,” World Journal of Dairy & Food Sciences, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 119–126, 2010.
[18]  S. M. Imtiazuddin and M. Mumtaz, “Toxicity study of heavy metals textile pollutants in wastewater effluent on the fishes of Karachi harbour area,” WebPub, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 16–19, 2013.
[19]  K. Marimuthu, M. Thilaga, S. Kathiresan, R. Xavier, and R. H. M. H. Mas, “Effect of different cooking methods on proximate and mineral composition of striped snakehead fish (Channa striatus, Bloch),” Journal of Food Science and Technology, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 373–377, 2012.
[20]  B. Kumar, K. S. Sajwan, and D. P. Mukherjee, “Distribution of heavy metals in valuable coastal fishes from North East Coast of India,” Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 81–88, 2012.
[21]  M. Das and R. Das, “Need of education and awareness towards zinc supplementation: a review,” International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 45–50, 2012.
[22]  K. Swami, C. D. Judd, J. Orsini, K. X. Yang, and L. Husain, “Microwave assisted digestion of atmospheric aerosol samples followed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry determination of trace elements,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 369, no. 1, pp. 63–70, 2001.
[23]  N. Gokoglu, P. Yerlikaya, and E. Cengiz, “Effects of cooking methods on the proximate composition and mineral contents of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss),” Food Chemistry, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 19–22, 2004.
[24]  D. P. Mukherjee and K. Bhupander, “Assessment of arsenic, cadmium and mercury level in commonly consumed coastal fishes from Bay of Bengal, India,” Food Science and Quality Management, vol. 2, pp. 19–30, 2011.
[25]  G. Rejomon, M. Nair, and T. Joseph, “Trace metal dynamics in fishes from the southwest coast of India,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 167, no. 1–4, pp. 243–255, 2010.
[26]  World Health Organization, “Heavy metals-environmental aspects,” Environmental Health Criteria 85, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 1989.
[27]  A. Bernard, “Cadmium & its adverse effects on human health,” Indian Journal of Medical Research, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 557–564, 2008.
[28]  S. Satarug and M. R. Moore, “Adverse health effects of chronic exposure to low-level cadmium in foodstuffs and cigarette smoke,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 112, no. 10, pp. 1099–1103, 2004.
[29]  WHO (World health organization), Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. Recommendation, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 1985.
[30]  M. Abhijit, M. Shreya, H. Sumit, and C. Anish, “Heavy metal concentrations in India coastal fishes,” Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 35–37, 2000.
[31]  Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South African Water Quality Guidelines, Aquatic Ecosystems, DWAF, 2nd edition, 1996.
[32]  B. Lokesshappa, S. Kandarp, T. Vivek, and K. D. Anil, “Assessment of toxic metals in agricultural produce,” Food and Public Health, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 24–29, 2012.
[33]  NAS/NRC (National Academy of Sciences/National research Council), Arsenic in Drinking Water, NAS/NRC (National Academy of Sciences/National research Council), Washington, DC, USA, 1997.
[34]  FAO/ WHO, Summary of Evaluations Performed by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA 1956-2003), ILSI Press International Life Sciences Institute, 2004.
[35]  FAO/WHO food standards programme, Guideline levels for cadmium and lead in food. Codex committee of food additives and contamination, 22nd session, Haugue, the Netherlands, 1990.
[36]  USEPA, “Guidance for assessing chemical contaminant, data for use in fish advisories. Fish sampling and Analysis,” EPA 823-R-95-007, Office of Water, Washington, DC, USA, 2000.
[37]  M. D. Datar and R. P. Vashishtha, “Investigation of heavy metals in water and silt sediments of Betwa River,” Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 666–672, 1990.
[38]  L. Asghari, F. Zeynali, and M. A. Sahari, “Effects of boiling, deep-frying, and microwave treatment on the proximate composition of rainbow trout fillets: changes in fatty acids, total protein, and minerals,” Journal of Applied Ichthyology, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 847–853, 2013.
[39]  O. O. Oluwaniyi and O. O. Dosumu, “Preliminary Studies on the effect of processing methods on the quality of three commonly consumed marine fishes in Nigeria,” Biokemistri, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2009.
[40]  C. M. K. Alam, Bangladesh's Maritime Challenges in the 21st Century, Pathak Shamabesh, 2004.
[41]  UNEP, “Environmental problems of the marine and coastal area of Bangladesh,” National Report UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 75, 1986.
[42]  M. M. Hossain, “National Report of Bangladesh on coastal pollution loading and water quality criteria of the Bay of Bengal large marine ecosystem (BOBLME) (GCP/RAS/236/GEF),” p. 53, 2010.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus