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Analysis and Formation of Hazardous Substances from Surfactant-Grafted Polyacrylamide Powder for Oilfield Production

DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.49047, PP. 492-496

Keywords: Surfactant-Grafted Polyacrylamide, Hazardous Substances, Oilfield

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Surfactant-grafted Polyacrylamide (S-PAM) serves as a kind of economical and efficient flooding agents for its single component in the enhanced oil recovery in Daqing oilfield in China. The oil displacement experiments using S-PAM in multi-blocks revealed that in-use S-PAMs differ greatly from ordinary polymers. Aiming at making clear hazardous substances of S-PAM powder, this study characterized two commonly used S-PAMs in oil field through chemical analysis and instrumental analysis, and analyzed the toxic and hazardous gases of the two S-PAM powders.


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