Considerable reserves of
oil sands are located in northernAlberta.
Exploitation of these reserves has been instrumental in the development of theAlbertaeconomy. Mining
and processing techniques, including “in
situ” processing and surface mining/aqueous treatment, are presented. Oil
assisted flotation and solvent extraction are discussed as possible future
processing alternatives. Subsequent froth treatment and refining methods are
described. The rapid expansion of bitumen processing in theFort
McMurrayarea has drastically affectedAlberta’s economic, political and social
policy. Corresponding strain has been placed on the regional ecosystem. A
comparison between wind and bitumen as sources of energy is offered.
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Finch, J.A. and Kuan, S.H. (2013) Air-Assisted Solvent Extraction: Scale-Up Attempt with the Jameson Cell. Proceedings of the 10th International Mineral Processing Conference, Santiago, 15-18 October 2013, 15-18.
Brame, S.E., Castle, J.W., Fuwami, O.K. and Falta, R.W. (2006) History Matching of Heavy Oil Production for Comparing New Approaches to Generating Reservoir Property Distribution. Proceedings of SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Tulsa, 17-21 April 2004, 93-96.
Villarroel, T. and Hernandez, R.T. (2013) Technological Developments for Enhancing Extra Heavy Oil Productivity. Proceedings of the AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, Pittsburgh, 19-22 May 2013, 1-41.
Hashemi, R., Nassar, N.N. and Almao, P.P. (2013) Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery by in Situ Prepared Ultradispersed Multimetallic Nanoparticles: A Study of Hot Fluid Flooding for Athabasca Bitumen Recovery. Energy Fuels, 27, 2194-2201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef3020537
Bennett, B., Jiang, C., Snowdon, L.R. and Larter, S.R. (2014) A Practical Method for the Separation of High Quality Heavy Oil and Bitumen Samples from Oil Reservoir Cores for Physical and Chemical Property Determination. Fuel, 116, 208-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.08.006
Castle, J.W., Falta, R.W., Dinwiddie, C.L., Brame, S. and Bridges, R.A. (2002) Quantitative Methods for Reservoir Characterization and Improved Recovery: Application for Heavy Oil Sands. Final Report for USDOE, Golder Associates Ltd., Edmonton. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/824482