All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Health  2014 

Magnitude and Correlates of Contraceptive Use among Females in Reproductive Age in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study

DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.611155, PP. 1263-1276

Keywords: Family Planning, Correlates of Contraceptive Use, Contraception

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Background: Despite its positive impact in reducing maternal and child mortality and morbidity, the utilization rate of contraceptives is unacceptably low in many developing countries including Ethiopia. This warrants the investigation of the contributing factors of this low utilization for appropriate interventions. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the magnitude and associated factors of contraceptive use in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to July 2010 in 9 kebeles of Arba Minch Demographic and Health Development Program. Results: In this study, 28.3% of all women & 32.7% currently married were using any contraceptive methods during the time of the survey. Almost all current users were using modern methods; the most widely used method was injectable (24.2%) followed by implants (2.4%) and pills (1.3%). Current marital status, ethnicity, age, education, presence of radio set in the house hold and discussion about family planning in the last 6 month before the study with their partner were the independent predictors of contraceptive use. Conclusion: The contraceptive prevalence rate is promising but efforts should continue to further increase the contraceptive coverage especially on kebeles with low coverage by targeting men and misconceptions about family planning.


[1]  WHO (2011) Statistical Information System. Contraceptive Prevalence Rate.
[2]  WHO Media Center (2013) Family Planing Fact Sheet.
[3]  The Info Project Center for Communication Programmes, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (2003) Population Reports. The Info Project Center for Communication Programmes, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore.
[4]  Ethiopian National Census Report (2007) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[5]  The Transitional Government of Ethiopia (1993) National Population Policy. The Transitional Government of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.
[6]  Central Statistics Agency and ORC Macro (2005) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey. Central Statistics Agency and ORC Macro, Addis Ababa and Calverton.
[7]  Worku, S. and Fentahun, M. (2006) Unintended Pregnancy and Induced Abortion in a Town with Accessible Family Planning Service: The Case of Harar in Eastern Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 20, 79-83.
[8]  Hong, R., Montana, L. and Mishral, V. (2006) Family Planning Services Quality as a Determinant of Use of IUD in Egypt. BMC Health Services Research, 6, 79.
[9]  Kamal, N., Lim, C. and Omar, R. (2005) Determinants of Contraceptive Use in the Urban Slums of Bangladesh: A Multilevel Model.
[10]  Mitike, G. (2000) Community Based Distribution of Family Planning as Perceived by People in the Reproductive Age Group, North & South Gondar Zones, Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 14, 31-42.
[11]  Kebede, Y. (2000) Contraceptive Prevalence and Factors Associated with Usage of Contraceptives around Gondar Town. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 14, 327-334.
[12]  Kaba, M. (2000) Fertility Regulation among Women in Rural Communities around Jimma, Western Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 14, 117-125.
[13]  Ali, A.A., Rayis, D.A., Mamoun, M. and Adam, I. (2000) Use of Family Planning Methods in Kassala, Eastern Sudan. BMC Research Notes X, 4, 43.
[14]  Asnake, M., Walie, L. and Melkamu, Y. (2006) Improving the Range of Contraceptive Choices in Rural Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 20, 74-78.
[15]  Igwegbe, A.O., Ugboaja, J.O. and Monago, E.N. (2009) Prevalence and Determinants of Unmet Need for Family Planning in Nnewi, South-East Nigeria. International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 1, 325-329.
[16]  Tuloro, T., Deressa, W., Ali, A. and Davey, G. (2006) The Role of Men in Contraceptive Use and Fertility Preference in Hossana Town, Southern Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 20, 152-159.
[17]  Jain, D.C. (1997) Family Planning Use and Its Determinants among Gond Tribe of Madhya Pradesh: A Case Study of Gonds of Jabalpur District. Proceeding of National Symposium on Tribal Health, 285-292.


comments powered by Disqus