Objective: To describe the clinical and therapeutic aspects of rape against females in a tertiary level hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a retrolective collection of data, concerning the female patients with a clinical diagnosis of rape received from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2012. Results: Rape was confirmed at physical examination in 131 cases. The rape victim survivals were mostly aged less than 20 years (85/131; 64.9%), unmarried (127/131; 97.0%), with no income (95/131; 72.5%) and had no university education level (110/131; 83.9%). The aggression commonly took place during the night (68/131; 51.9%), at the victim’s or aggressor’s home (70/131; 53.4%), with physical constraint (73/131; 55.8%), by an unknown aggressor (88/131; 67.2%). A vaginal penetration was reported by 97.0% of the victims (127/131) while 12.2% of them (16/122) had an anal ingress. Condom usage was uncommon during rape (3/131; 2.3%). Vulvar and vaginal lesions were encountered in 32.8% of the cases (43/131). Only 27.5% (36/131) of the victims were prescribed an emergency contraception, while antiretroviral prophylaxis was administered to 46.6% (61/131) of them. Conclusion: These data might be useful for prevention of rape. The clinical management of survival victims of rape needs to be improved.
Parmar, P., Agrawal, P., Greenough, P.G., Goyal, R. and Kayden, S. (2012) Sexual Violence among Host and Refugee Population in Djohong District, Eastern Cameroon. Global Public Health, 7, 974-994.
Traore, Y., Mounkoro, N., Teguete, I., Djire, M.Y., Diallo, A., Bagayogo, M., et al. (2010) Clinical and Medico-Legal Aspects of Sexual Aggressions at Gabriel Toure Teaching Hospital. Mali Médical, 25, 27-30.
Bartels, S.A., Scott, J.A., Mukwege, D., Lipton, R.I., Vanrooyen, M.J. and Leaning, J. (2006) Patterns of Sexual Violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: Reports from Survivors Presenting to Panzi Hospital in 2006. Conflict and Health, 4, 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-1505-4-9
Facuri Cde, O., Fernandes, A.M., Oliveira, K.D., Andrade Tdos, S. and Azevedo, R.C. (2013) Sexual Violence: A Descriptive Study of Rape Victims and Care in a University Referral Center in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Cad Saude Publica, 29, 889-898.
Mohammadkhani, P., Khooshabi, K.S., Forouzan, A.S., Azadmehr, H., Assari, S. and Lankarani, M.M. (2009) Associations between Coerced Anal Sex and Psychopathology, Marital Distress and Non-Sexual Violence. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 6, 1938-1946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01273.x