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Development of Alkylation Toluene with Methanol for Fuel on Modified ZSM-5 Zeolites by Amphoteric Surfactant

DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2014.41007, PP. 41-46

Keywords: Zeolite, Toluene, Methylation, Surfactances

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Abstract:

Methylation of toluene over ZSM-5 zeolites modified by the introduction of Sr of 2.5%, 5%, and 10% by weight was studied. Experiments were performed in a fixed bed under the conditions of reaction temperatures between 300°C-500°C, liquid hour space velocity of 4 g toluene/h.g catalyst, methanol to toluene ratio 4:1, and 0.01% of N-Octyl-N-benzyl-N-methylglycine as emulsifier. Data for conversion of toluene and selectivity towards xylene isomers showed that 2.5% Sr/ZSM-5 catalyst has the highest conversion of toluene at 500°C, and the lowest p-xylene selectivity, while 10% Sr/ZSM-5 catalyst has the highest selectivity for p-xylene production. Nevertheless, the catalyst 2.5% Sr/ZSM-5 has the highest selectivity for m-xylene. The two catalysts 2.5% and 5% Sr/ZSM-5 give nearly the same selectivity for the three xylene isomers at all conversions obtained at the reaction conditions under study.

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