All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Foods  2013 

Hygienic Practices among Food Vendors in Educational Institutions in Ghana: The Case of Konongo

DOI: 10.3390/foods2030282

Keywords: food hygiene, food safety, vendors, sanitary conditions, Konongo, Ghana

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

With the booming street food industry in the developing world there is an urgent need to ensure food vendors adhere to hygienic practices to protect public health. This study assessed the adherence to food hygiene practices by food vendors in educational institutions in Konongo, Ghana. Structured questionnaires, extensive observation and interviews were used for the study involving 60 food vendors from 20 basic schools. Attributable to the influence of school authorities and the level of in-training of food vendors, the study points out that food vendors in educational institutions generally adhered to good food hygiene practices, namely, regular medical examination (93%), protection of food from flies and dust (55%); proper serving of food (100%); good hand hygiene (63%); and the use of personal protective clothing (52%). The training of food vendors on food hygiene, instead of the level of education had a significant association ( p < 0.05) with crucial food hygiene practices such as medical examination, hand hygiene and protection of food from flies and dust. Further, regulatory bodies legally mandated to efficiently monitor the activities of food vendors lacked the adequate capacity to do so. The study proposes that efforts should be geared towards developing training programmes for food vendors as well as capacity building of the stakeholders.

References

[1]  DeWaal, C.S.; Rober, N. Global and Local: Food Safety around the World. Available online: http://safefoodinternational.org/local_global.pdf (accessed on 16 April 2013).
[2]  Feglo, P.; Sakyi, K. Bacterial contamination of street vending food in Kumasi, Ghana. J. Med. Biomed. Sci. 2012, 1, 1–8.
[3]  Assuring Food Safety and Quality: Guidelines for Strengthening National Food Control Systems. Available online: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/capacity/en/Englsih_Guidelines_Food_control.pdf (accessed on 4 April 2013).
[4]  Initiative to Estimate the Global Burden of Foodborne Diseases. Available online: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/foodborne_disease/ferg/en/index.html (accessed on 4 Apirl 2013).
[5]  Osaili, T.M.; Abu Jamous, D.O.; Obeidat, B.A.; Bawadi, H.A.; Tayyem, R.F.; Subih, H.S. Food safety knowledge among food workers in restaurants in Jordan. Food Control 2013, 31, 145–150, doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.09.037.
[6]  Santos, M.-J.; Nogueira, J.R.; Patarata, L.; Mayan, O. Knowledge levels of food handlers in portuguese school canteens and their self-reported behaviour towards food safety. Int. J. Environ. Health Res. 2008, 18, 387–401, doi:10.1080/09603120802100212.
[7]  Simpson, E.; Wittet, S.; Bonilla, J.; Gamazina, K.; Cooley, L.; Winkler, J. Use of formative research in developing a knowledge translation approach to rotavirus vaccine introduction in developing countries. BMC Public Health 2007, 7, 281, doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-281.
[8]  Todd, E.C. Epidemiology of foodborne diseases: A worldwide review. World Health Stat. Q. 1997, 50, 30–50.
[9]  Ghana News Agency. Contaminated Food, Water Causes 700,000 Deaths in Africa Annually. Available online: http://www.modernghana.com/news/203772/1/contaminated-food-water-causes-700000-deaths-in-af.html (accessed on 19 April 2013).
[10]  GhanaWeb. Four Dead after Eating Contaminated Food. Available online: http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/artikel.php?ID=195505# (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[11]  JoyNews. Nine Confirmed Dead in Cholera Outbreak at Atebubu. Available online: http://edition.myjoyonline.com/pages/news/201207/89610.php (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[12]  GraphicOnline. Obuasi Battles Cholera Outbreak. One Dead So Far. Available online: http://graphic.com.gh/Health/obuasi-battles-cholera-outbreakone-dead-so-far.html (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[13]  ZeeMaps. Available online: http://www.zeemaps.com/ (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[14]  SPSS Version 16. Available online: http://www-01.ibm.com/software/analytics/spss/ (accessed on 13 January 2013).
[15]  GraphicOnline. Global Study Suggests Solutions to Childhood Diarrhoea. Available online: http://graphic.com.gh/Health/global-study-suggests-solutions-to-childhood-diarrhoea.html (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[16]  Lues, J.F.R.; Rasephei, M.R.; Venter, P.; Theron, M.M. Assessing food safety and associated food handling practices in street food vending. Int. J. Environ. Health Res. 2006, 16, 319–328, doi:10.1080/09603120600869141.
[17]  Musa, O.I.; Akande, T.M. Food hygiene practices of food vendors in secondary schools in Ilorin. Niger. Postgrad. Med. J. 2003, 10, 192–196.
[18]  Abdalla, M.A.; Siham, E.S.; Alian, Y.Y.H.A.; Amel, O.B. Food safety knowledge and practices of street food-vendors in Khartoum city. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. 2008, 47, 126–136.
[19]  Rheinl?nder, T.; Olsen, M.; Bakang, J.; Takyi, H.; Konradsen, F.; Samuelsen, H. Keeping up appearances: Perceptions of street food safety in urban Kumasi, Ghana. J. Urban Health 2008, 85, 952–964, doi:10.1007/s11524-008-9318-3.
[20]  Chukuezi, C.O. Food safety and hyienic practices of street food vendors in Owerri, Nigeria. Stud. Sociol. Sci. 2010, 1, 50–57.
[21]  General Requirements (Food Hygiene). Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, Codex Alimentarius Commission, Rome, Italy. 1997. Available online: http://www.fao.org/docrep/w6419e/w6419e00.HTM#Contents (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[22]  Food and Drugs Act (PNDC Law 305 B); Parliament of the Republic of Ghana, Accra, Ghana. 1992. Available online: http://www.epa.gov.gh/ghanalex/acts/Acts/FOOD%20AND%20DRUGS%20BOARD.pdf (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[23]  Food and Drugs (Amendment) Act 523, Parliament of the Republic of Ghana, Accra, Ghana. 1996. Available online: faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/gha17283.pdf (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[24]  Food Hygiene Basic Texts, 4th ed. ed.; Codex Alimentarius Commission: Rome, Italy, 2009.
[25]  Section 286. The Criminal Code of Ghana (Amendment) Act, 2003 (Act 646). Available online: http://www.refworld.org/docid/44bf823a4.html (accessed on 22 May 2013).
[26]  Abdussalam, M.; Kaferstein, F.K. Safety of street foods. World Health Forum 1993, 14, 191–194.
[27]  Muinde, O.K.; Kuria, E. Hygiene and sanitary practices of vendors of street foods in Nairobi, Kenya. Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev. 2005, 7, 1–15.
[28]  Ferron, S.; Morgan, J.; O’Reilly, M. Hygiene Promotion: A Practical Manual for Relief and Development; Intermediate Technology: Warwickshire, England, 2000.
[29]  Rane, S. Street vended food in developing world: Hazard analyses. Indian J. Microbiol. 2011, 51, 100–106, doi:10.1007/s12088-011-0154-x.
[30]  World Health Organization. Essential Safety Requirements for Street-Vended Foods; World Health Organization: Geneva, Switerzlands, 1996.
[31]  Local Government (Accra Metropolitan Assembly Establishment) Instrument, 1995-LI 1615; Local Government: Accra, Ghana, 1995.
[32]  Mwangi, A.M. Nutritional, Hygienic and Socio-Economic Dimensions of Street Foods in Urban Areas: The case of Nairobi; Wageningen University: Wageningen, The Netherlands, 2002.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus