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Bariatric Surgery in Moderately Obese Patients: A Prospective Study

DOI: 10.1155/2013/276183

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Introduction. Moderate obesity (BMI 30–35?kg/m2) affects 25% of the western population. The role of bariatric surgery in this context is currently debated, reserved for patients with comorbidity, as an alternative to conservative medical treatment. We describe our experience in moderately obese patients treated with bariatric surgery. Materials and Methods. Between September 2011 and September 2012, 25 patients with grade I obesity and comorbidities underwent bariatric surgery: preoperative mean BMI 33.2?kg/m2, 10 males, mean age 42 years. In presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (56%), gastric bypass was performed; in cases with hypertension (64%) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (12%), sleeve gastrectomy was performed. All operations were performed laparoscopically. Results. Mean follow-up was 12.4 months. A postoperative complication occurred: bleeding from the trocar site was resolved with surgery in local anesthesia. Reduction in average BMI was 6 points, with a value of 27.2?kg/m2. Of the 14 patients with T2DM, 12 (86%) discontinued medical therapy because of a normalization of glycemia. Of the 16 patients with arterial hypertension, 14 (87%) showed remission and 2 (13%) improvement. Complete remission was observed in patients with OSAS. Conclusions. The results of our study support the validity of bariatric surgery in patients with BMI 30–35?kg/m2. Our opinion is that, in the future, bariatric surgery could be successful in selected cases of moderately obese patients. 1. Introduction Obesity is a world epidemic with remarkable sanitary, social, and economic consequences. Clinically, severe or morbid obesity is defined as values of BMI in the Class III (BMI ≥ 40?kg/m2) and Class II (35 ≤ BMI ≥ 39.9?kg/m2 in the presence of comorbidities). Obesity is associated with an increased hazard ratio for all-cause mortality [1], as well as significant comorbidity [2]. According to different studies, 25% of the western population is affected by some degree of obesity that can be defined as moderate or Class I obesity (BMI between 30–35?kg/m2). According to the literature, also patients with Class I obesity have a definite risk of significant comorbidity, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and mortality [3]. Other studies suggest that the clinical picture of patients affected by Class I obesity can be improved as well as in patients with severe obesity by bariatric surgery, with weight loss and resolution of comorbidities. The present prospective study aimed to investigate the improvements or

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