Considering facilities management (FM) at the early design stage could potentially reduce the efforts for maintenance during the operational phase of facilities. Few efforts in construction industry have involved facility managers into the design phase. It was suggested that early adoption of facilities management will contribute to reducing the needs for major repairs and alternations that will otherwise occur at the operational phase. There should be an integrated data source providing information support for the building lifecycle. It is envisaged that Building Information Modelling (BIM) would fill the gap by acting as a visual model and a database throughout the building lifecycle. This paper develops a framework of how FM can be considered in design stage through BIM. Based on the framework, the paper explores how BIM will beneficially support FM in the design phase, such as space planning and energy analysis. A case study of using BIM to design facility managers’ travelling path in the maintenance process is presented. The results show that early adoption of FM in design stage with BIM can significantly reduce life cycle costs. 1. Introduction According to the International Facility Management Association (IFMA), facility management (FM) is defined as “a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, processes and technology” . Industries in varieties of areas are adopting BIM for FM. Organizations such university, government, healthcare, retail, and information technology are taking a survey for the adoption of BIM-based FM . Different parts of FM are adopted with BIM in these organizations. Figure 1 depicts the proportion of each function. Figure 1: Proportion of each function [ 2]. However, few efforts in the construction industry have involved facility FM into the design phase [3, 4]. It was suggested that early engagement of FM would contribute to reducing the needs for major repairs and alternations that will otherwise occur at the operational phase [2, 5]. There have been rare effective approaches or processes to engage FM in design stage. The proposed framework of this paper is going to integrate these FM works into early design stage which could potentially strengthen the collaboration between design team and FM team and reduce alternations. BIM is envisaged to be an effective tool, as proposed in this paper. Considering the multidisciplinary and interoperability of this process, there must be a data source providing convenient integration and access
B. Becerik-Gerber, F. Jazizadeh, N. Li, and G. Calis, “Application areas and data requirements for BIM-enabled facilities management,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 138, no. 3, pp. 431–442, 2012.
R. Sacks, I. Kaner, C. M. Eastman, and Y. S. Jeong, “The Rosewood experiment—building information modeling and interoperability for architectural precast facades,” Automation in Construction, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 419–432, 2010.
J. P. Duarte, G. Celani, R. Pupo, et al., “Inserting computational technologies in architectural curricula,” in Computational Design Methods and Technologies: Applications in CAD, CAM and CAE Education, N. Gu and X. Wang, Eds., IGI Global, Hershey, Pa, USA, 2010.
X. Wang and P. S. Dunston, “Comparative effectiveness of mixed reality-based virtual environments in collaborative design,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics C, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 284–296, 2011.
M. R. Devetakovic and M. Radojevic, “Facility Mangement: a paradigm for expanding the scope of architectural practice,” International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 127–139, 2007.
B. Dong, K. P. Lam, Y. C. Huang, and G. M. Dobbs, “A comparative study of the IFC and gbXML informational infrastructures for data exchange in computational design support environments,” in Proceedings of the Building Simulation, 2007.