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# On Best Proximity Point Theorems without Ordering

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Abstract:

Recently, Basha (2013) addressed a problem that amalgamates approximation and optimization in the setting of a partially ordered set that is endowed with a metric. He assumed that if and are nonvoid subsets of a partially ordered set that is equipped with a metric and is a non-self-mapping from to , then the mapping has an optimal approximate solution, called a best proximity point of the mapping , to the operator equation , when is a continuous, proximally monotone, ordered proximal contraction. In this note, we are going to obtain his results by omitting ordering, proximal monotonicity, and ordered proximal contraction on . 1. Introduction Let be a non-self-mapping from to , where and are nonempty subsets of a metric space . Clearly, the set of fixed points of can be empty. In this case, one often attempts to find an element that is in some sense closest to . Best approximation theory and best proximity point analysis are applicable for solving such problems. The well-known best approximation theorem, due to Fan , asserts that if is a nonempty, compact, and convex subset of a normed linear space and is a continuous function from to , then there exists a point in such that the distance of to is equal to the distance of to . Such a point is called a best approximation point of in . A point in is said to be a best proximity point for , if the distance of to is equal to the distance of to . The aim of best proximity point theory is to provide sufficient conditions that assure the existence of best proximity points. Investigation of several variants of contractions for the existence of a best proximity point can be found in [1–15]. In most of the papers on the best proximity, the ordering, proximal monotonicity, and ordered proximal contraction on the mapping play a key role. A natural question arises that it is possible that we can have other ways that may not require the ordering as well as proximal monotonicity and ordered proximal contraction on the mapping . Very recently, Basha  addressed a problem that amalgamates approximation and optimization in the setting of a partially ordered set that is endowed with a metric. He assumed that if and are nonvoid subsets of a partially ordered set that is equipped with a metric and is a non-self-mapping from to , then the mapping has an optimal approximate solution, called a best proximity point of the mapping , to the operator equation , when is a continuous, proximally monotone, ordered proximal contraction. In this note, we are going to obtain his results by omitting ordering, proximal monotonicity, and

References

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