All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

PLOS ONE  2013 

Linking Trait Differences to Community Dynamics: Evidence from Eupatorium adenophorum and Co-Occurring Native Species during a Three-Year Succession

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050247

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Trait differences between invasive and native species are believed to be closely related to whether the former are successful. However, few studies have measured trait differences between invasive and native species directly under field conditions or during long term experiments. We examined the phenological pattern, plant height and biomass accumulation and allocation of Crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng.) and co-occurring native species in a community during a three-year succession. The phenological pattern of Crofton weed differed from that of co-occurring native species. Crofton weed had longer vegetative stage (when resources were more available), a higher biomass accumulation and a higher above/below-ground ratio compared to native species. Crofton weed was shorter than grasses and two forbs (Artemisia tangutica and Cynoglossum amabile) during its first year of growth, but was significantly taller than all other species during subsequent years. The dominance (calculated as the importance value) of Crofton weed was the highest among all other species and continually increased over time while the dominance of co-occurring native species decreased. This study provides direct field evidence that trait differences are important to plant invasion.

References

[1]  Mooney HA, Mack RN, McNeely JA, Neville LE, Schei PJ, et al.. (2005) Invasive alien species: A new synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press.
[2]  Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2005) Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Ecol Econ 52: 273–288.
[3]  van Kleunen M, Weber E, Fischer M (2010) A meta-analysis of trait differences between invasive and non-invasive plant species. Ecol Lett 13: 235–245.
[4]  Vitousek PM (1994) Beyond global warming – ecology and global change. Ecology 75: 1861–1876.
[5]  Coleman HM, Levine JM (2007) Mechanisms underlying the impacts of exotic annual grasses in a coastal California meadow. Biol Invasions 9: 65–71.
[6]  Mack RN, Simberloff D, Lonsdale WM, Evans H, Clout M, et al. (2000) Biotic invasions: Causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecol Appl 10: 689–710.
[7]  Olden JD, Poff NL (2003) Toward a mechanistic understanding and prediction of biotic homogenization. Am Nat 162: 442–460.
[8]  van der Wal R, Truscott AM, Pearce ISK, Cole L, Harris MP, et al. (2008) Multiple anthropogenic changes cause biodiversity loss through plant invasion. Global Change Biol 14: 1428–1436.
[9]  Levine JM, Vila M, D'Antonio CM, Dukes JS, Grigulis K, et al. (2003) Mechanisms underlying the impacts of exotic plant invasions. P Roy Soc Lond B Bio 270: 775–781.
[10]  Dassonville N, Vanderhoeven S, Vanparys V, Hayez M, Gruber W, et al. (2008) Impacts of alien invasive plants on soil nutrients are correlated with initial site conditions in NW Europe. Oecologia 157: 131–140.
[11]  Scharfy D, Funk A, Venterink HO, Gusewell S (2011) Invasive forbs differ functionally from native graminoids, but are similar to native forbs. New Phytol 189: 818–828.
[12]  Vitousek PM (1990) Biological invasions and ecosystem processes – towards an integration of population biology and ecosystem studies. Oikos 57: 7–13.
[13]  Evans RD, Rimer R, Sperry L, Belnap J (2001) Exotic plant invasion alters nitrogen dynamics in an arid grassland. Ecol Appl 11: 1301–1310.
[14]  Wilsey BJ, Polley HW (2006) Aboveground productivity and root-shoot allocation differ between native and introduced grass species. Oecologia 150: 300–309.
[15]  Wilcove DS, Rothstein D, Dubow J, Phillips A, Losos E (1998) Quantifying threats to imperiled species in the United States. Bioscience 48: 607–615.
[16]  Ehrenfeld JG (2003) Effects of exotic plant invasions on soil nutrient cycling processes. Ecosystems 6: 503–523.
[17]  Cleland EE (2011) Trait divergence and the ecosystem impacts of invading species. New Phytol 189: 649–652.
[18]  Baruch Z, Goldstein G (1999) Leaf construction cost, nutrient concentration, and net CO2 assimilation of native and invasive species in Hawaii. Oecologia 121: 183–192.
[19]  Smith MD, Knapp AK (2001) Physiological and morphological traits of exotic, invasive exotic, and native plant species in tallgrass prairie. Int J Plant Sci 162: 785–792.
[20]  Lavorel S, Garnier E (2002) Predicting changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning from plant traits: revisiting the Holy Grail. Funct Ecol 16: 545–556.
[21]  Garnier E, Lavorel S, Ansquer P, Castro H, Cruz P, et al. (2007) Assessing the effects of land-use change on plant traits, communities and ecosystem functioning in grasslands: A standardized methodology and lessons from an application to 11 European sites. Ann Bot-London 99: 967–985.
[22]  Suding KN, Lavorel S, Chapin FS, Cornelissen JHC, Diaz S, et al. (2008) Scaling environmental change through the community-level: a trait-based response-and-effect framework for plants. Global Change Biol 14: 1125–1140.
[23]  Thompson K, Hodgson JG, Rich TCG (1995) Native and alien invasive plants: More of the same? Ecography 18: 390–402.
[24]  Funk JL, Vitousek PM (2007) Resource-use efficiency and plant invasion in low-resource systems. Nature 446: 1079–1081.
[25]  Weiher E, Keddy P (1999) Ecological assembly rules: perspectives, advances, retreats. New York: Cambridge University Press.
[26]  Moles AT, Gruber MAM, Bonser SP (2008) A new framework for predicting invasive plant species. J Ecol 96: 13–17.
[27]  Dietz H, Edwards PJ (2006) Recognition that causal processes change during plant invasion helps explain conflicts in evidence. Ecology 87: 1359–1367.
[28]  Kolar CS, Lodge DM (2001) Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends Ecol Evol 16: 199–204.
[29]  Grotkopp E, Rejmanek M, Rost TL (2002) Toward a causal explanation of plant invasiveness: Seedling growth and life-history strategies of 29 pine (Pinus) species. Am Nat 159: 396–419.
[30]  Daehler CC (2003) Performance comparisons of co-occurring native and alien invasive plants: Implications for conservation and restoration. Annu Rev Ecol Evol S 34: 183–211.
[31]  Hamilton MA, Murray BR, Cadotte MW, Hose GC, Baker AC, et al. (2005) Life-history correlates of plant invasiveness at regional and continental scales. Ecol Lett 8: 1066–1074.
[32]  Manea A, Leishman MR (2011) Competitive interactions between native and invasive exotic plant species are altered under elevated carbon dioxide. Oecologia 165: 735–744.
[33]  Weigelt A, Steinlein T, Beyschlag W (2002) Does plant competition intensity rather depend on biomass or on species identity? Basic Appl Ecol 3: 85–94.
[34]  Crawley MJ, Harvey PH, Purvis A (1996) Comparative ecology of the native and alien floras of the British Isles. Philos T Roy Soc B 351: 1251–1259.
[35]  Cadotte MW, Lovett-Doust J (2002) Ecological and taxonomic differences between rare and common plants of southwestern Ontario. Ecoscience 9: 397–406.
[36]  Field CB, Mortsch LD, Brklacich M, Forbes DL, Kovacs P, et al.. (2007) North America. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE, editors. Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 617–652.
[37]  Coley PD (1983) Herbivory and defensive characteristics of tree species in a lowland tropical forest. Ecol Monogr 53: 209–229.
[38]  Kudo G (1996) Herbivory pattern and induced responses to stimulated herbivory in Quercus mongolica var. grosseserrata. Ecol Res 11: 283–289.
[39]  Waser NM, Ollerton J (2006) Plant-pollinator interactions: From specialization to generalization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
[40]  Wolkovich EM, Cleland EE (2011) The phenology of plant invasions: a community ecology perspective. Front Ecol Environ 9: 287–294.
[41]  Sharma KC (1977) Reports on studies on the biological control of Eupatorium adenophorum. Nepalese J Agric 12: 135–157.
[42]  Andrews AC, Falvey L (1979) The ecology of Eupatorium adenophorum in native and improved pastures in northern Thailand highlands. In: Proceedings of the Sixth Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society Conference. Australia. 351–353.
[43]  Kluge RL (1991) Biological-control of Crofton Weed, Ageratina-Adenophora (Asteraceae), in South-Africa. Agr Ecosyst Environ 37: 187–191.
[44]  Cronk QCB, Fuller JL (1995) Plant invaders: the threat to natural ecosystems. London: Chapman and Hall.
[45]  Zhu L, Sun OJ, Sang WG, Li ZY, Ma KP (2007) Predicting the spatial distribution of an invasive plant species (Eupatorium adenophorum) in China. Landscape Ecol 22: 1143–1154.
[46]  Tao ZG, Jin LR, Liu Y (2002) Eupatorimn abenophorum harm to grassland and its preventing and killing methods. Sichuan Anim Vet Sciences 29: 25–26 (in Chinese)..
[47]  Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A modified of single solution method for the determination of phosphate in nature water. Anal Chim Acta 27: 31–36.
[48]  Page AL, Millar RH, Keeney DR (1982) Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 2. Madison, Wisc: ASA and SSSA.
[49]  Curtis JT, Mcintosh RP (1951) An upland forest continuum in the prairie-forest border region of Wisconsin. Ecology 32: 476–496.
[50]  Seabloom EW, Harpole WS, Reichman OJ, Tilman D (2003) Invasion, competitive dominance, and resource use by exotic and native California grassland species. PNAS 100: 13384–13389.
[51]  Suttle KB, Thomsen MA, Power ME (2007) Species interactions reverse grassland responses to changing climate. Science 315: 640–642.
[52]  Fatimah H, Ahmad T (2009) Phenology of Parthenium hysterophorus – a key factor for the success of its invasion. Adv Environ Biol 3: 150–156.
[53]  Godoy O, Richardson DM, Valladares F, Castro-Diez P (2009) Flowering phenology of invasive alien plant species compared with native species in three Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Ann Bot-London 103: 485–494.
[54]  Xu CY, Griffin KL, Schuster WSF (2007) Leaf phenology and seasonal variation of photosynthesis of invasive Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) and two co-occurring native understory shrubs in a northeastern United States deciduous forest. Oecologia 154: 11–21.
[55]  Augspurger CK (2008) Early spring leaf out enhances growth and survival of saplings in a temperate deciduous forest. Oecologia 156: 281–286.
[56]  Westoby M (1998) A leaf-height-seed (LHS) plant ecology strategy scheme. Plant Soil 199: 213–227.
[57]  Ishii H, Asano S (2010) The role of crown architecture, leaf phenology and photosynthetic activity in promoting complementary use of light among coexisting species in temperate forests. Ecol Res 25: 715–722.
[58]  Harper JL (1977) Population biology of plants. London: Academic Press.
[59]  Barney JN, Whitlow TH, DiTommaso A (2009) Evolution of an invasive phenotype: shift to belowground dominance and enhanced competitive ability in the introduced range. Plant Ecol 202: 275–284.
[60]  Zheng YL, Feng YL, Liu WX, Liao ZY (2009) Growth, biomass allocation, morphology, and photosynthesis of invasive Eupatorium adenophorum and its native congeners grown at four irradiances. Plant Ecol 203: 263–271.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal