All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Blood Pressure and Depressive Symptoms

DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2013.24009, PP. 43-44

Keywords: Blood Pressure, Depressive Symptoms

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


The topic of blood pressure and depression is an old question. Depression is common in the elderly population (Sun, School- ing, Chan, Ho, & Lam, 2011). Although several epidemiologic studies have assessed the relationship between low blood pres- sure and depressive symptoms in geriatric populations, the results have been inconsistent. Depressive symptoms used to be been considered a risk factor associated with development of hypertension (Hildrum, Romild, & Holmen, 2011).


[1]  Alvis, A. G., Milesi, V., Rebolledo, A., Raingo, J., & Grassi de Gende, A. O. (2001). Influence of calcitonin gene-related peptide release on pH-induced mechanical depression in rat atria. Japanese Heart Journal, 42, 507-517.
[2]  Barrett-Connor, E., & Palinkas, L. A. (1994). Low blood pressure and depression in older men: a population based study. BMJ, 308, 446-449.
[3]  Colonna, D. M., Meng, W., Deal, D. D., & Busija, D. W. (1994). Calcitonin gene-related peptide promotes cerebrovascular dilation during cortical spreading depression in rabbits. American Journal of Physiology, 266, H1095-H1102.
[4]  Heckbert, S. R., Rutter, C. M., Oliver, M., Williams, L. H., Ciechanowski, P., Lin, E. H., & Von Korff, M. (2010). Depression in relation to long-term control of glycemia, blood pressure, and lipids in patients with diabetes. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25, 524-529.
[5]  Hildrum, B., Mykletun, A., Holmen, J., & Dahl, A. A. (2008). Effect of anxiety and depression on blood pressure: 11-year longitudinal population study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 193, 108-113.
[6]  Hildrum, B., Romild, U., & Holmen, J. (2011). Anxiety and depression lowers blood pressure: 22-year follow-up of the population based HUNT study, Norway. BMC Public Health, 11, 601.
[7]  Hoptman, M. J., Gunning-Dixon, F. M., Murphy, C. F., Ardekani, B. A., Hrabe, J., Lim, K. O., & Alexopoulos, G. S. (2008). Blood pressure and white matter integrity in geriatric depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 115, 171-176.
[8]  Kamphuis, M. H., Geerlings, M. I., Giampaoli, S., Nissinen, A., Grobbee, D. E., & Kromhout, D. (2008). The association of depression with cardiovascular mortality is partly explained by health status. The FINE study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 114, 184-192.
[9]  Lenoir, H., Lacombe, J. M., Dufouil, C., Ducimetiere, P., Hanon, O., Ritchie, K., & Tzourio, C. (2008). Relationship between blood pressure and depression in the elderly. The three-city study. Journal of Hypertension, 26, 1765-1772.
[10]  Licht, C. M., de Geus, E. J., Seldenrijk, A., van Hout, H. P., Zitman, F. G., van Dyck, R., & Penninx, B. W. (2009). Depression is associated with decreased blood pressure, but antidepressant use increases the risk for hypertension. Hypertension, 53, 631-638.
[11]  Paterniti, S., Verdier-Taillefer, M. H., Geneste, C., Bisserbe, J. C., & Alperovitch, A. (2000). Low blood pressure and risk of depression in the elderly. A prospective community-based study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 464-467.
[12]  Scuteri, A. (2008). Depression and cardiovascular risk: Does blood pressure play a role? Journal of Hypertension, 26, 1738-1739.
[13]  Scuteri, A., Spalletta, G., Cangelosi, M., Gianni, W., Assisi, A., Brancati, A. M., & Volpe, M. (2009). Decreased nocturnal systolic blood pressure fall in older subjects with depression. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 21, 292-297.
[14]  Siennicki-Lantz, A., Andre-Petersson, L., & Elmstahl, S. (2013). Decreasing blood pressure over time is the strongest predictor of depressive symptoms in octogenarian men. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 863-871.
[15]  Signorelli, M. S., Costanzo, M. C., Cinconze, M., & Concerto, C. (2013). What kind of diagnosis in a case of mobbing: Post-traumatic stress disorder or adjustment disorder? BMJ Case Reports.
[16]  Stewart, R. (2000). Low blood pressure and depression in the elderly. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, 181-182.
[17]  Sun, W., Schooling, C. M., Chan, W. M., Ho, K. S., & Lam, T. H. (2011). The association between depressive symptoms and mortality among Chinese elderly: A Hong Kong cohort study. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 66, 459-466.


comments powered by Disqus