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Finite Element Modeling and Design of Rectangular Patch Antenna with Different Feeding Techniques

DOI: 10.4236/ojapr.2013.12004, PP. 11-17

Keywords: Microstrip Patch Antenna, Finite Element Method, T Shaped, Feeding Point, Far Field Domain

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The finite element modeling of three dimensional structures is important for researchers especially in the field of antennas and other domains of electromagnetic waves. This paper presents a finite element calculations and numerical analysis for the microstrip patch antennas. In this paper, two different designs have been modelled and analyzed and both designs are based on the rectangular patches. The feeding point of one design is inside the patch while the other design contains feeding point outside the patch is T shaped. The computational analysis showed some interesting results for radiation pattern and far field domain. For these designs, the characteristic impedance taken is 50 Ω and the operating frequency domain is 1.4 to 1.7 GHz. The microstrip patch antennas are encapsulated in the inert spherical atmosphere of 20 mm thickness containing air inside it.


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