A. tortilis is commonly known as “Israeli babool”. The species is exposed to the world for its pods, gum and other aerial parts as fodder &feed for cattles. The plant was used as antidiabetic, antidiarrhoeal, antiasthmatic and also had several other medicinal benefits but the seed oil was not explored to the extent of its real potential. Hence the study was carried out to characterize the seed for oil and analysis of fatty acid composition through GC for quality control and maintenance. Commercial indices of oil were also estimated. Extracted oil is rich in Linolenic acid (50.43%) and Linoleic acid (36.74%). Beside this palmitic, stearic and oleic acid are other fatty acids identified. MUFA, PUFA, SFA and omega-6/ omega-3 ratio were also found to be promising for its potentiality in edible and clinical uses. The investigation thus scopes the utility of oil and prospects the lesser known plant seed as alternative oil source of nutritional and therapeutic importance.
A. R. Pellew, “The Production and Consumption of Aca cia Browse and It’s Potential for Animal Protein Produc tion,” In: H. N. Le Houerou, Ed., Browse in Africa, In ternational Livestock Centre for Agriculture, Addis Ababa, 1980.
R. Banerji, R. C. Gupta and B. S. Dixit, “Comparitive Study of Fats and Fatty Acids in Mangifer Indica Varie ties,” The Journal of Oil Technologists’ Association of India, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2003, pp. 9-10.
H. L. Shearer, D. H. Urpin and D. T. Dennis, “Charac terization of NADP Dependent Malic Enzyme from De veloping Castor Oil Endosperm,” Archives of Biochemis try and Biophysics, Vol. 42, 2004, pp. 134-144.
B. E. Phillipson, et al., “Reduction of Plasma Lipids, Lipoproteins and Apoproteins by Dietary Fish Oil in Pa tients with Hyper Triglyceridemia,” The New England Journal of Medicine,” Vol. 312, 1985, p. 1210.
J. X. Kang and A. Leaf, “Protective Effects of Free Poly Un-Saturated Fatty Acids on Arrhythmias Induced by Lysophosphatidylcholine or Palmitoylcarnitine in Neona tal Rat Cardiac Myocytes,” European Journal of Phar macology, Vol. 297, No. 1-2, 1996, pp. 97-106.
J. K. Chan, “Dietary Alpha Linolenic Acid Is as Effective as Oleic Acid and Linoleic Acid in Lowering Blood Cho lesterol; in Normolipidemic Men,” American Journal of Nature, Vol. 53, 1991, pp. 1230-1234.
R. M. Krauss, R. H. Eckel, B. Howard, L. J. Appel, S. R. Daniels, et al., “AHA Dietary Guidelines: Revision 2000: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals from the Nutri tion Committee of the American Heart Association,” Circular, Vol. 108, No. 18, 2000, pp. 102-2284.