All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Emergence of the Macroscopic Quantum Superposition State in Microtubules

DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.46099, PP. 734-737

Keywords: Microtubule, Kerr Medium, Macroscopic Quantum Superposition State

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Many researchers conceive communication in Microtubules (MTs), and established theoretical models to show both classical and quantum information processing. In this paper, we studied the usually neglected interactions between the electronic dipole of water molecules in microtubules and the quantized electromagnetic radiation field. We find that the emergence collective coherent radiation, and it can turn into macroscopic quantum superposition state when passing through MTs. This could have a fundamental role in the quantum information processing.

References

[1]  S. R. Hameroff and R. C. Watt, Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 98, 1982, pp. 549-561. doi:10.1016/0022-5193(82)90137-0
[2]  A. Samsonovich, A. Scott and S. R. Hameroff, Nanobiology, Vol. 1, 1992, p. 457.
[3]  H. Athenstaedt, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 238, 1974, pp. 68-94. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1974.tb26780.x
[4]  L. Margulis, L. To and P. Chase, Science, Vol. 200, 1978, pp. 1118-1124. doi:10.1126/science.349692
[5]  J. Atema, Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 38, 1973, pp. 181-190. doi:10.1016/0022-5193(73)90233-6
[6]  J. A. Tuszynski, S. R. Hameroff, M. V. Sataric, B. Trpisova and M. L. A. Nip, Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 174, 1995, pp. 371-380. doi:10.1006/jtbi.1995.0105
[7]  Y. Engleborghs, Nanobiology, Vol. 1, 1992, p. 97.
[8]  L. A. Amos and A. Klug, Journal of Cell Science, Vol. 14, 1974, p. 523.
[9]  E. Nogales, S. G. Wolf and K. H. Downing, Nature, Vol. 291, 1998, p. 199. doi:10.1038/34465
[10]  S. R. Hameroff, Cognitive Science, Vol. 31, 2007, pp. 1035-1045. doi:10.1080/03640210701704004
[11]  S. R. Hameroff, A. Nip, M. Porter and J. Tuszynski, Biosystems, Vol. 64, 2002, pp. 149-168. doi:10.1016/S0303-2647(01)00183-6
[12]  S. R. Hameroff, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London Series A, Vol. 356, 1998, p. 1869.
[13]  S. Hagan, S. R. Hameroff and J. A. Tuszynski, Physical Reviews E, Vol. 65, 2002, Article ID: 061901. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.65.061901
[14]  J. A. Tuszynski, J. A. Brown, P. Hawrylak and P. Marcer, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Vol. 356, 1998, pp. 1897-1926. doi:10.1098/rsta.1998.0255
[15]  S. R. Hameroff and R. Penrose, Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, Vol. 40, 1996, pp. 453-480. doi:10.1016/0378-4754(96)80476-9
[16]  M. Jibu, S. Hagan, S. R. Hameroff, K. H. Pribram, et al., BioSystems, Vol. 32, 1994, pp. 195-209. doi:10.1016/0303-2647(94)90043-4
[17]  Y. Chen and X.-J. Qiu, Acta Physica Sinica, Vol. 52, 2003, p. 1554.
[18]  E. D. Giudice, G. Preparata and G. Vitiello, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 61, 1988, pp. 1085-1088. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.61.1085

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal