Conversion of potato from conventional methods to wide bed planting systems may increase water and nitrogen use efficiency in commercial potato production system by reducing the amount of irrigation water and water applied nitrogen fertilizer bypassing the potato root zone. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L) cv. Desiree was tested against different planting system for yield and yield components at Kaghan, a high mountainous Himalayan region ofPakistan. The experiment was carried out at Himalayan Agricultural Research Station (HARS), Kaghan during the summer season of 2005. The results showed that maximum tuber growth (88.7%), number of stems per plant (3.5), plant expansion (45.5 cm), average number of tubers per plant (10.1) and yield per hectare (12.4 t/ha) were significantly different and higher when potatoes were planted on wide bed and covered with soil from one side. Tallest plants (53.4 cm) were observed when potatoes were sown on the ridges. Maximum number of green potatoes (12.5) and injured potatoes (5.3%) were observed when the tubers were planted following local farmers’ method. Keeping in view the soil type, land slopping, we recommend sowing potatoes on relatively plain wide beds and covering it with soil from one side, for potato cultivation in the area.
Maikhuri, R.K., Rao, K.S. and Saxena, K.G. (1996) Traditional crop diversity for sustainable development of central Himalayan agroecosystems. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 3, 8- 31. doi:10.1080/13504509609469926
Van Der Zaag, D. and Horton, D. (1983) Potato production and utilization in world perspective with special reference to the tropics and sub-tropics. Potato Research, 26, 323-362. doi:10.1007/BF02356154
King, B.A., Tarkalson, D.D., Bjorneberg, D.L. and Taberna Jr., J.P. (2011) Planting system effect on yield response of russet norkotah to irrigation and nitrogen under high intensity sprinkler irrigation. American Journal of Potato Research, 88, 121-134.
Tarkalson, D.D., King, B.A., Bjorneberg D.L. and Taberna Jr., J.P. (2011) Evaluation of in-row plant spacing and planting configuration for three irrigated potato cultivars. American Journal of Potato Research, 88, 207- 217.
Essah, S.Y.C. and Honeycutt, C.W. (2004) Tillage and seed-sprouting strategies to improve potato yield and quality in short season climates. American Journal of Potato Research, 81, 177-186. doi:10.1007/BF02871747
Rabbani, M.G. and Siddique, M.A. (1987) Effect of planting method and mulching on the yield of two sweet potato varities. Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 12, 83-87.
Kim, S.Y., Rvu, O.H. and Hahn, R.H. (1989) The effects of ridging system and planting depth of the growth, yield and saving of labour in polyethylene film mulched spring potato crop. Research Reports of the Rural Development Administration Horticulture, 31, 25-29.
Lukyanenko, I.A., Varava, B.V., Shemavan’ov, B.I., Kozar, D.G. and Grekova, N.V. (1990) Effect of planting patterns on tuber yield and econmic efficiency of potato cultivation in the steppe zone under irrigation. Kartoplyarstvo, 21, 42-44.
Gupta, C.R., Sing, P.N., Shekhawat, G.S., Khurana, S.M. P., Pandey, S.K. and Chandla, V.K. (1994) Effect of method of planting and fertility levels on yield of potato. Potato: Present and Future. Proceedings of the National Symposium, Modipuram, 1-3 March 1993, 113-114.
Alva, A.K., Hodges, T., Boydston, R.A. and Collins, H.P. (2002) Effects of irrigation and tillage practices on yield of potato under high production conditions in the Pacific Northwest. Communications in Soil Science Plant Analysis, 33, 1451-1460. doi:10.1081/CSS-120004293
Escobar, G., Zaag, P.V. and Vanderzaag, P. (1988) Field performance of potato (Solanum spp.) cuttings in the warm tropics; imfluence of planting system, hilling, density and pruning. American Potato Journal, 65, 1-10.
Cooley, E.T., Lowery, B., Kelling, K.A. and Wilner, S. (2007) Water dynamics in drip and overhead sprinkler irrigated potato hills and development of dry zones. Hydrological Processes, 21, 2390-2399.
King, B.A., Tarkalson, D.D., Bjorneberg, D.L., Taberna, Jr., J.P. (2010) Planting system effect on yield response of russet norkotah to irrigation and nitrogen under high intensity sprinkler irrigation. American Journal of Potato Research, 2010.