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Description et illustration de quarante-quatre gilianelles (microproblematica) et de dix autres microproblematica du Crétacé de la coupe stratotypique de Tercis (limite Campanien-Maastrichtien), Sud-Ouest France [Description and illustration of forty-four gilianelles (microproblematica) and ten other microproblematica of the Cretaceous of the stratotype section at Tercis (Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary), South-West France]

Traces de volcanisme explosif dans le Campanien pyrénéen aux alentours du stratotype de limite Campanien-Maastrichtien à Tercis (SO France, N Espagne). Repérage biostratigraphique avec une étude particulière du foraminifère Radotruncana calcarata [Traces of explosive volcanism in the Pyrenean Campanian around the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary type section at Tercis (SW France, N Spain). Biostratigraphy with emphasis on the foraminifer Radotruncana calcarata]

Nouvelles études micropaléontologiques sur le stratotype de la limite Campanien-Maastrichtien à Tercis (SO France) : compléments sur les ostracodes extraits par acétolyse

New micropalaeontological studies on the type section of the Campanian-Maastrichtian at Tercis (SW France): new ostracodes obtained using acetolysis

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Nouvelles études micropaléontologiques sur le stratotype de la limite Campanien-Maastrichtien à Tercis (SO France) : les gilianelles (microproblematica) extraites par acétolyse [New micropalaeontological studies on the stratotype of the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary at Tercis (SW France): the gilianelles (microproblematica) extracted through acetolysis]

Keywords: micropalaeontology , calcareous microfossils , microproblematica , gilianelles , gilianella , Campanian , Maastrichtian , stratotype

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Abstract:

The Campanian-Maastrichtian stratotype section at Tercis (SW France) consists mainly of hard calcareous levels. Their treatment using acetolysis left residues among which for the first time well-preserved free microfossils were obtained (These levels had been studied previously only through thin sections). Within these residues, a wealth of calcareous shells of unknown affinity (incertae sedis) occur. These previously undescribed fossils are documented herein with photographs and drawings. Optical observations are synthesised in computer assisted drawings which depict 36 discrete forms. Scanning electron microscopy documented the nannostructures of these tests which led to the recognition of 30 forms with a common organisation and nannostructure. These are the microproblematica group called "gilianelles". The remaining six forms of incertae sedis do not share the same characteristics. According to morphological observations, a planktonic existence is inferred for most of the incertae sedis. The simple organisation and small size of the gilianelles suggest that they may represent a new Order of Rhizopod Protozoans. Their stratigraphical distribution has been established in the stratotype section of the "Grande Carrière" at Tercis (SW France). This distribution shows an extraordinary rate of turn-over with some taxa having a range of less than 1 Ma.

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